sapodilla


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sapodilla,

the edible fruit of Manilkara zapota (formerly Achras zapota), of the family Sapotaceae. The fleshy, brown fruit is the size of a small tomato, and has the flavor and texture of cinnamon, apple, and pear. The fruits are very astringent when young and must be fully ripened and soft to be eaten. The latex of the sapodilla plant is also the source of chiclechicle
, name for the gum obtained from the latex of the sapodilla tree (Manilkara zapota), a tropical American evergreen. The sapodilla (known also by many other common names) is widely cultivated in tropical regions, including S Florida, for its fruit, which is
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, the chewing gum of the Aztecs. Another species, M. bidentata, produces a latex that is the source of balata, a non-elastic rubber that is used for manufacturing boots, machine belts, and items in tropical South America. Sapodilla is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ebenales, family Sapotaceae.
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sapodilla

sapodilla

Although this tree only grows in warm, tropical areas, I included it because the latex from this tree is the original source of chewing gum and the Sapodilla fruit is super sweet tasting like malty caramel dipped in brown sugar. These trees are popular in warm areas from Mexico to India, tropical Asia, Philippines, Caribbean, and people are starting to grow them in southern Florida, California, Hawaii and greenhouses. It can grow to 100 feet tall (30m). Wind-resistant. Bark is rich in a white, gummy latex called "chicle", containing 15% rubber and 38% resin, which makes it a great base for chewing gum. Tree has glossy elliptical leaves, little white bell-like flowers, with a six-lobed corolla. Fruit is large elliptical berry resembling a smooth potato containing two to ten black seeds that have a hook on one end. Don’t swallow the seeds whole or they will hook into your throat. Fruit inner flesh is yellow to golden brown with grainy pear-like texture. Fruit has a high latex content and does not ripen until picked, whereupon the fruit softens to a firmness and appearance very similar to that of a fuzzy, brown-skinned kiwi. Unripe fruit are high in tannins which dry out the mouth (very astringent) and contain high levels of saponin. Tree bears fruit twice a year. Young leafy shoots can be eaten raw. Fruits, leaves, flowers and bark used for diarrhea, coughs, colds, pulmonary issues, Crushed seeds are a diuretic claimed to expel bladder and kidney stones. A fluid extract of the crushed seeds is sedative. Seed paste is applied on stings and bites from venomous animals. The latex is used in the tropics as a crude filling for tooth cavities.

Sapodilla

 

(Manilkara achras, Manilkara zapota, or Achras zapota), a plant of the family Sapotaceae. An evergreen tree measuring 15–20 m tall, the sapodilla has ovate or elliptic leathery leaves and small, white flowers. The rounded or oval fruits, which measure 5–10 cm across, contain ten to 12 hard black seeds and have sweet and juicy yellow-brown flesh. The sapodilla grows in tropical rain forests of Central and South America; it is cultivated in all tropical countries as a fruit and industrial plant. The milky juice obtained from the bark contains 20–25 percent of a substance closely related to gutta-percha, which is used to manufacture chewing gum.

References in periodicals archive ?
Chicleros, or chicle harvesters, were paid very little, and working conditions meant camping in the rainforest for the 4-month-long rainy season when the Sapodilla sap flowed.
Despite its wide adaptation and acceptance infruit markets, sapodilla is rare to find outside tropical regions, partially because its high perishability.
Natural gums may contain substances such as chicle (sap from the sapodilla tree) to provide elasticity, whereas "mainstream" gum typically relies on synthetic ingredients, such as polyvinyl acetate (similar to ingredients used in paint and glue).
theobromae have also reported to cause the different diseases such as storage rot of Taro, black-band disease of jute, crown rot diseases of banana fruit, fruit rot of coconut, stem-end rot of mango fruit, soft rot of papaw, guava, litchi, sapodilla fruit and die-back in lemon plant fruits (Alam and Nahar, 1990; Wall and Cruz, 1991; Mortuza and Ilag, 1999; Alam et al., 2001; Anthony et al., 2004).
He can get adventurous at times, as he does by serving pork belly with a chiku ( sapodilla) sauce, a nifty concession to the local palate ( although chiku is not my favourite, I love the combo!).
The scavenging effect of dragon fruit peel extracted using UE (6.06 [+ or -] 0.03%) and dragon fruit flesh extracted using CV (5.73 [+ or -] 0.33%) displayed higher scavenging activity compared to Sapodilla fruit (4.30% and 5.36% for the flesh and peel, resp.) [33].
These include Combretaceae, Loranthaceae (mistletoes), Menispermaceae, Sapotaceae (sapodilla and star apple), and Verbenaceae (teaks and verbenas).
He said kids in the family were excited and plucked dozens of the grey fruit, known as Sapodilla in English.
The word 'tree', for example, is vague, whereas 'palm', 'sapodilla' and 'acacia' are specific.
The Sanctuary Belize Marina and Yacht Club and the Marina Village are located on the shores of the Sapodilla Lagoon and feature an entry channel and pool, as well as berths for 200 vessels.
Effect of nitrogen, gibberellic acid, triadimefon, and kinetin on the seedling growth of sapodilla (Achras sapota) and tamarind (Tamarindus indica).