Saponification

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saponification

[sə‚pän·ə·fə′kā·shən]
(chemistry)
The process of converting chemicals into soap; involves the alkaline hydrolysis of a fat or oil, or the neutralization of a fatty acid.

Saponification

 

the hydrolysis of carboxylic and derivatives, including esters, nitriles, and amides, for example

RCOOR’ + H2O → RCOOH + R’OH

Saponification is widely used in industry to produce acids and alcohols. Higher aliphatic carboxylic acids, glycerol, soaps, and stearic acid are formed upon saponification of fats.

saponification

The conversion into soap which occurs when an alkali, such as the lime in cement, reacts with oils in paint; destroys the adhesion and strength of oil-based paint films.
References in periodicals archive ?
The company can also create customized blends of saponifiable specialty oils on a proprietary basis.
Accordingly, on the basis of the in-silico analyses presented here, we hypothesized that G induced a fundamental change in the expression of several key genes involved in lipid metabolism resulting in a significant decrease in lipogenic-gene expression, particularly those related to the synthesis of cholesterol, fatty acids, and the saponifiable lipids; all of those gene products being targets for SREBF2 and SREBFlc.
Whereas the saponifiable matter of the petroleum ether extract of the oleo-gum-resin of Boswellia carteri resulted in the identification of two fatty acid methyl esters, one free fatty acid, one fatty alcohol and four sterol acetates.