Saponification(redirected from saponify)
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the hydrolysis of carboxylic and derivatives, including esters, nitriles, and amides, for example
RCOOR’ + H2O → RCOOH + R’OH
Saponification is widely used in industry to produce acids and alcohols. Higher aliphatic carboxylic acids, glycerol, soaps, and stearic acid are formed upon saponification of fats.