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see herringherring,
common name for members of the large, widely distributed family Clupeidae, comprising many species of marine and freshwater food fishes, including the sardine (Sardinia), the menhaden (Brevoortia and Ethmidium), and the shad (Alosa).
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



any one fish belonging to the genus Sardina, Sardinella, or Sardinops of the family Clupeidae. Sardines are usually less than 25 cm long and weigh 100–150 g. They are pelagic fishes that form schools and feed on plankton. Sardines inhabit subtropical and tropical littoral waters of the world ocean. The fishes attain sexual maturity in two or three years and have a life-span of five to seven years. Spawning is fractional, occurring in the spring and summer. The roe are pelagic.

Sardines are most numerous off the northwestern coast (Sardinella) and southwestern coast (Sardinops) of Africa. Of particular commercial value in the 1930’s were the California sardine (Sardinops caerulea), which lives off the coast of California, and the Far-East pilchard (Sardinops sagax melanosticta), which inhabits the Sea of Japan. Sardines of the genus Sardina are distributed off the southwestern coast of Europe; occasionally they are encountered in the Black Sea.

Sardines are canned. A substantial amount of the catch is used to make feed meal for domestic animals.


Svetovidov, A. N. Sel’devye (Clupeidae). Moscow-Leningrad, 1952. (Fauna SSSR: Ryby, vol. 2, issue 1.)
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(vertebrate zoology)
Sardina pilchardus. The young of the pilchard, a herringlike fish in the family Clupeidae found in the Atlantic along the European coasts.
The young of any of various similar and related forms which are processed and eaten as sardines.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


any of various small marine food fishes of the herring family, esp a young pilchard
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The global sardine market has experienced steady growth in the past few years.
The former teacher loves the saucy sardines so much he has even been known to make a two-mile round trip on foot to pick up a tin.
As reflected in the suggested retail price (SRP) list for May, the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) approved price hikes for 26 brands of canned sardines, instant noodles, bottled water, toilet soaps and condiments.
The project will be located in the Economic Zone of Duqm at the site dedicated to the fishery industries and includes the establishment of a sardine and tuna canning plant, as well as the production of oils and animal feed produced from fish, in addition to can production.
In sardine there are few works related to these topics, Martinez-Porchas et al.
She said that NAFDAC had been notified that the Malaysian Ministry of Health on April 20, 2018, in Kuala Lumpar Malaysia, recalled the two canned sardine products.
Its director-general Datuk Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah said the six products of the sardines were from the Cinta, Sea Fresh, HS Brand, King Cup, Star and TC Boy brands.
Cases of 25 of these sardine cans were then packed for shipment.
A better understanding of changing temperatures on fish is important, and therefore laboratory studies with emphasis on thermal responses, evidence the effect of this factor on the physiology and behavior of the sardine.
Caption: Top to bottom: Threadfin herring (greenie), scaled sardine (whitebait) and Spanish sardine.