sassafras


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Laurel

, cities, United States

Laurel. 1 Town (1990 pop. 19,438), Prince Georges co., central Md., about halfway between Washington, D.C., and Baltimore; patented in the late 1600s, inc. 1870. Primarily residential, Laurel has light manufacturing. The Washington, D.C., Children's Center and Laurel Race Course (opened 1911) are there. In the area are the Patuxent Research Refuge, a large Fish and Wildlife Service research installation; Fort George G. Meade (est. 1917), with the National Security Agency; and the National Cryptologic Museum.

2 City (1990 pop. 18,827), seat of Jones co., SE Miss., on Tallahala Creek; inc. 1892. Industries center around petroleum and lumber production and meat and poultry processing. Cotton and corn are raised and there is dairying. Manufactures include automotive parts, wood products, apparel, chemicals, furniture, machinery, and electrical equipment. The city was founded as the site of a sawmill in 1882. Oil was discovered in the vicinity in 1944. Southeastern Baptist College is in Laurel.


laurel

, in botany

laurel, common name for the Lauraceae, a family of forest trees and shrubs found mainly in tropical SE Asia but also abundant in tropical America. Most have aromatic bark and foliage and are evergreen; deciduous species are usually those that extend into temperate zones. The plants are important for aromatic oils and spices, edible fruits, and timber (e.g., from species of the largest genus, Ocotea). The true laurel—that of history and classical literature—is Laurus nobilis, called also bay and sweet bay. It is native to the Mediterranean, where to the ancients it symbolized victory and merit and was sacred to Apollo. The fragrant leaves are sold commercially as bay leaf, a seasoning. Many plants of the unrelated heath family are also called laurels in the United States because of their similarly dark and glossy but poisonous leaves; the cherry laurel is a species of the rose family. A native American laurel is the evergreen California laurel (Umbellularia californica), also called pepperwood, bay-tree, and Oregon myrtle. It grows in California and Oregon and provides wood, medicinal leaves, and fruits that were eaten by Native Americans. Lindera benzoin, commonly called spicebush, benzoin, or wild allspice, is another fragrant species found in America; its powdered berries have been used as a substitute for allspice. All other Lindera species are Asian. The red bay (Persea borbonia) of the southeast coastal plains has very strong, bright reddish-brown heartwood used in cabinetmaking and interior finishing. P. americana, the alligator pear, or avocado (from Sp. aguacate), has been cultivated in Mexico and Guatemala for millennia; it is now grown extensively in Florida and California and many parts of the moister tropics and subtropics for its nutritious oil-rich fruit and is used chiefly in salads. Sassafras (Sassafras albidum), a tree or shrub, was one of the first American plants to command the attention of European settlers, who exported it to the Old World as a high-priced panacea. Its aromatic bark is still occasionally used for medicinal tea, and its pulverized leaves for soup and condiments. Safrole, used in flavorings and medicinals, is obtained from oil of sassafras as well as from the camphor tree. The camphor tree, the cassia-bark tree, and the cinnamon tree all belong to the Asian genus Cinnamomum and are extensively cultivated for their aromatic bark (see cinnamon and camphor). Many of the evergreen laurels are grown as hedges and, because of their handsome foliage, are used by florists. The laurel family is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Laurales.

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sassafras

sassafras

Tree grows to 100ft (30m). The entire plant is edible. Eat the leaves., use roots for tea. This is one of the three ingredients in the original root beer recipe- sarsaparilla, sassafras and birch. Another way is to boil the roots, combine with molasses and allow to ferment. Voila- root beer. The tree is used for purifying the blood, stomach aches, rheumatism, skin problems, colds, fever, kidney, liver, problems, arthritis. The trees have many slender branches, and smooth, orangebrown bark. The bark of a full grown tree is thick, red-brown, and deeply furrowed. All parts of the plants are very fragrant when crushed. 3 different types of leaves on the same plant, oval, 2-lobe (mitten) and 3-lobed. Young leaves and twigs are best for consuming. Great on salads. They give a citrus-like scent when crushed. Delicious 5-petal tiny yellow flowers in clusters. Leaves can be dried and powdered and added to soups and gumbos. Fruit is blue-black eggshaped berry sized on a reddish cup/stem. Roots and leaves can be eaten raw or powdered or steamed. The root makes a good tea that tastes like root beer. Antiseptic, diuretic, vasodilator. Used to thin blood, cleanse liver, ease menstrual pain. Do not take for extended long periods or liver damage can occur because it contains safrole. Do not consume if pregnant or taking blood thinner.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sassafras

 

a genus of deciduous trees and shrubs of the family Lauraceae. The leaves are entire, pinnate, or twice- to seven-times-lobed. The small, yellow-green flowers are in an axillary dichasium. The fruit is drupe. There are three species, distributed along the eastern seaboard of North America, in continental regions of China, and on Taiwan.

The common sassafras (S. albidum, or S. officinale), an aromatic dioecious tree reaching 20 m tall, is distributed in North America. It propagates by seeds and root suckers. The plant has been introduced into European gardens and parks; in the USSR it is found in Sukhumi. The essential oil contained throughout the plant, but mainly in the cortex of the roots, is used in perfumery. The soft, lightweight wood is used in the production of furniture, small boats, barrels, and railroad ties.

REFERENCE

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 3. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

sassafras

[′sas·ə‚fras]
(botany)
Sassafras albidum. A medium-sized tree of the order Magnoliales recognized by the bright-green color and aromatic odor of the leaves and twigs.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

sassafras

1. an aromatic deciduous lauraceous tree, Sassafras albidum, of North America, having three-lobed leaves and dark blue fruits
2. the aromatic dried root bark of this tree, used as a flavouring, and yielding sassafras oil
3. Austral any of several unrelated trees having a similar fragrant bark
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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This thermo-photoperiod was chosen to correspond to a cycle found during winter months near the northerly limits of sassafras. Initially, female X.
Initially, Sassafras Springs will be buying the grapes it will use to produce wine, but Long expects the vineyard they've planted to start producing grapes for winemaking in about two years.
I have tried to find sassafras root in recent years with some difficulty.
As the beetles expand their range west across Harrison County, Mississippi into Hancock County, Mississippi they will encounter increased densities of sassafras. These populations of sassafras increase in density into the interior of Mississippi and sassafras distribution remains continuous throughout the state into Tennessee and beyond.
And EastEnders soap star and Carry On movies actress Barbara Windsor joined forces with the late comic Frankie Howerd for the premiere of The Wind In The Sassafras Trees in 1968.
The concert at the Coal Exchange on Tuesday, August 16, is to feature a line-up of Welsh bands - including Man, Snatch it Back and Sassafras - and proceeds will go to the Tich Gwilym Foundation, which will help encourage young people to learn to play the guitar.
Today, commercial root beer extract is made with imitation sassafras, which is sassafras root extract with the safrole removed.
Other good larva plants include milkweeds and butterfly weeds (for Monarch larva), snapdragons (buckeye larva), sassafras (spicebush swallowtail), violets (spangled fritillary), cherry trees (tiger swallowtail and viceroy) and honeysuckle (hummingbird moth).
The lineage of the seemingly ho-hum Amborella, often forced to nestle with the avocado and sassafras in the family tree of living relatives, deserves to be moved way down the trunk, according to several lines of genetic evidence.
Species will include pitch pine, red maple, scarlet oak, hickory, American holly, red cedar, and sassafras.