satrap


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satrap

(sā`trăp), governor of a province (satrapy) of the ancient Persian Empire. He was nominated by the king and given extensive powers. Darius IDarius I
(Darius the Great) , d. 486 B.C., king of ancient Persia (521–486 B.C.), called also Dariavaush and Darius Hystaspis (after his father, Hystaspes or Vishtaspa).
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 reorganized the privileges and duties of his satraps in the 6th cent. B.C.; the number of satraps varied from 20 to 28 during his reign. To prevent the concentration of power in one man's hands, certain officials, responsible only to the king, checked up on the satrap. The king also regulated the taxes and imposed a fixed sum upon each satrap. Alexander the Great revised the system, replacing Persians with Macedonians and reducing their powers. The command of the troops was taken from the satraps, who lost the right to engage mercenaries and to issue coinage.

Satrap

 

the vicegerent of a satrapy and the head of its administration. The satrap coined silver and copper coins, was responsible for the collection of tribute, and was in charge of local civil servants.

satrap

1. (in ancient Persia) a provincial governor
2. a subordinate ruler, esp a despotic one
References in periodicals archive ?
The Dallas Morning News reported that Satrap has visited Jones' private duckhunting lodge in Arkansas and stayed regularly as a guest ofJones in Little Rock.
Still, it was with some discomfort, and even regret, that they recounted how they had terrorized their charges, and described themselves as punitive satraps, "always bossing [them] around.
It is true that Siddaramaiah is behaving like a satrap as far as Karnataka politics is concerned.
A few days ago, he traveled to Sefai in Uttar Pradesh, the parliamentary constituency of Mulayam Singh Yadav, to attend a pre-wedding bash of his grandnephew's marriage with the daughter of another regional satrap Lalu Prasad Yadav.
At the peak of campaigning during India's last general elections, Mulayam Singh Yadav, a prominent regional satrap and leader of the ruling Samajwadi Party in Uttar Pradesh, India's biggest state, had made highly provocative remarks on the issue of rape.
Though the capital city of Susa belonged to Elymais, it seems to have been administered by a Persian satrap.
At a public rally here, in front of crowds seen only for Haryana satrap Devi Lal, Modi, BJP's PM candidate for 2014 polls invoked Vajpayee's Pakistan foreign policy, giving him credit for having made Pakistan-sponsored terrorism an international issue.
I expected the former to take from the needy to give to the greedy, but for the latter to continue this policy and also make us a satrap of America thus making us a target for terrorists and involving us in endless wars, was a real betrayal of trust - and I state this as a former Labour Party member.
But then again, the satrap of claptrap gets more spin out of an article than Shane Warne on the wicket at Lords
A move that should certainly become psychologically easier as the brilliant economic management of our world-saving Prime Minister and his Treasury satrap leads the pound to dive to parity with the euro, and quite possibly below.
He wrote: "We asked listeners to nominate the greatest British monarch, by which loose definition any satrap would qualify.
The subtext to this line of reasoning was always that this would best ensure that Damascus would get the Golan back and that Syria was the natural leader of the Arabs in the Levant, so Arafat's Palestinian state would effectively be a Syrian satrap.