satrap


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satrap

(sā`trăp), governor of a province (satrapy) of the ancient Persian Empire. He was nominated by the king and given extensive powers. Darius IDarius I
(Darius the Great) , d. 486 B.C., king of ancient Persia (521–486 B.C.), called also Dariavaush and Darius Hystaspis (after his father, Hystaspes or Vishtaspa).
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 reorganized the privileges and duties of his satraps in the 6th cent. B.C.; the number of satraps varied from 20 to 28 during his reign. To prevent the concentration of power in one man's hands, certain officials, responsible only to the king, checked up on the satrap. The king also regulated the taxes and imposed a fixed sum upon each satrap. Alexander the Great revised the system, replacing Persians with Macedonians and reducing their powers. The command of the troops was taken from the satraps, who lost the right to engage mercenaries and to issue coinage.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Satrap

 

the vicegerent of a satrapy and the head of its administration. The satrap coined silver and copper coins, was responsible for the collection of tribute, and was in charge of local civil servants.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

satrap

1. (in ancient Persia) a provincial governor
2. a subordinate ruler, esp a despotic one
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
401 the position of the satrap is incidental, his legitimation a thing of the past.
And it doesn't matter how far down the chain of command-even a humble branch chief's position is far better than membership in a satrap's court.
The foundation of all this had been laid in Babylonia during the five years (320-315 BC) he had been satrap there.
* In California, Jones' name was linked last fall to Satrap, a man who had visited Jones in Little Rock many times.
At least there is some honesty in the relationship now between Britain and the USA since Tony Blair made us a satrap of our former colony, and as politicians talk of us being in Afghanistan for many more years, at least those that survive the mayhem will have some tangible return other than medals from a war that will never result in a decisive victory.
Is it to supplant Hamas in Gaza and impose a Fatah satrap? Such a venture would be risky in the extreme and deal a terminal blow to a Palestinian reconciliation, the prospect of which still exists, despite all Fatah and Hamas have done to each other.
546); his later career is not clearly known, but he may have lived for some time at Cyrus' court and served as a provincial satrap.
Known for his acerbic attacks on the Yadav satrap, Verma said he has sympathy for Mulayam and wants the SP government to last for two more years.
Blair made Britain a satrap of America and a terrorist target.
Whatever the truth, the working relationship between satrap and chief foreign sponsor is now badly frayed.
Firstly, we had the Blair years in which we became a satrap of America and involved in futile wars as a result - one of the last acts of Mr Blair was to sign up for Trident and give billions of taxpayers' money to his Yankee cronies.
I had hoped that with a change of government in this country we would at last stand up to America and not allow ourselves to be a satrap of the States any longer.