satrap


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satrap

(sā`trăp), governor of a province (satrapy) of the ancient Persian Empire. He was nominated by the king and given extensive powers. Darius IDarius I
(Darius the Great) , d. 486 B.C., king of ancient Persia (521–486 B.C.), called also Dariavaush and Darius Hystaspis (after his father, Hystaspes or Vishtaspa).
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 reorganized the privileges and duties of his satraps in the 6th cent. B.C.; the number of satraps varied from 20 to 28 during his reign. To prevent the concentration of power in one man's hands, certain officials, responsible only to the king, checked up on the satrap. The king also regulated the taxes and imposed a fixed sum upon each satrap. Alexander the Great revised the system, replacing Persians with Macedonians and reducing their powers. The command of the troops was taken from the satraps, who lost the right to engage mercenaries and to issue coinage.

Satrap

 

the vicegerent of a satrapy and the head of its administration. The satrap coined silver and copper coins, was responsible for the collection of tribute, and was in charge of local civil servants.

satrap

1. (in ancient Persia) a provincial governor
2. a subordinate ruler, esp a despotic one
References in periodicals archive ?
The Dallas Morning News reported that Satrap has visited Jones' private duckhunting lodge in Arkansas and stayed regularly as a guest ofJones in Little Rock.
To effectively rule his empire, Darius I introduced a number of administrative measures, two of which were the division of his empire into administrative units, satrapies, over which he placed satraps entrusted with civil authority alone, reserving military authority for another set of officials as a counterpoise to the power of the satraps.
Mausolos was a chieftain who, as a satrap, governed Caria in south-west Turkey which was then part of the Persian empire.
Finally, in 363 Orontes, former satrap of Armenia, demoted to local "governor" of Mysia in northwest Asia Minor, made an attempt to enlarge his territory at the expense of Autophrates of Lydia and Ariobarzanes of Dascylium (pp.
The satrap had been 'appointed by the king, Antipater and the other Macedonians'.
sent to Asia Minor with Lysander (396), and concluded a truce with the satrap Tissaphernes before raiding into Phrygia (central Turkey); raised a force of cavalry, and ravaged both Lydia (east central Turkey) (spring 395) and Phrygia; recalled to Greece (394), he took the overland route and avenged the defeat and death of Lysander with a notable victory over Corinth and her allies at Coronea (fall?
The result is that invitations to social doings of any charm or usefulness are directed almost exclusively to the satrap, who seldom delegates acceptances.
I expected the former to take from the needy to give to the greedy, but for the latter to continue this policy and also make us a satrap of America thus making us a target for terrorists and involving us in endless wars, was a real betrayal of trust - and I state this as a former Labour Party member.
But then again, the satrap of claptrap gets more spin out of an article than Shane Warne on the wicket at Lords
A move that should certainly become psychologically easier as the brilliant economic management of our world-saving Prime Minister and his Treasury satrap leads the pound to dive to parity with the euro, and quite possibly below.
For control of a province meant control over its soldiers, and a rich province meant that the satrap could recruit more mercenary soldiers.
Satrap is a gas purchasing officer for PG&E who was fired, reinstated and demoted last fall and has been associated with an ongoing PG&E investigation into gas purchasing contracts.