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musical instrument invented in the 1840s by Adolphe Sax. Although it uses the single reed of the clarinet family, it has a conical tube and is made of metal. By 1846 there was a double family of 14 saxophones, seven in F and C for orchestral use and seven in E flat and B flat for bands. The latter are by far most common today, the alto, tenor, and baritone being used most frequently. The saxophone has a powerful tone, between woodwind and brass in quality and blending well with both. Valuable to bands and occasionally used in the orchestra, it is now best known for its extensive use in dance and jazz music. It has a small serious solo literature. All saxophones except those in C are transposing instrumentstransposing instrument,
a musical instrument whose part in a score is written at a different pitch than that actually sounded. Such an instrument is usually referred to by the keynote of its natural scale—the clarinet in A, for example—in which case A is sounded when
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a wind instrument, invented by A. Sax. It is made of brass in the shape of a parabolic tube and has a beak-shaped mouthpiece with a single reed. The saxophone family normally numbers seven members, ranging from the sopranino to the contrabass. One of the basic instruments of the jazz ensemble, it is also used in brass bands, as well as in music-hall and symphony orchestras. The saxophone is also played as a solo instrument.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Vertex-fed linear array antenna giving a cosecant-squared radiation pattern.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


a keyed wind instrument of mellow tone colour, used mainly in jazz and dance music. It is made in various sizes, has a conical bore, and a single reed
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
'Even the Jazz and saxophone world of music is also growing.
Each instrument in the saxophone family has a 'proper' mouthpiece pitch, and significant variation from this pitch in beginners often indicates a larger problem.
After winning a national "battle of the bands" competition in 1845, Sax's newly created instruments, including the saxophone, were included in the official instrumentation of the French military bands.
The Atlantic Players who had a saxophone and trumpet stolen | PICTURE JACK SPICER ADAMS
| Dr Rob Smith playing his |soprano saxophone before it was stolen from his home.
Besides developing important improvements to the clarinet and other wind instruments, he invented the saxophone in 1842.
Friday: Tumbleweed - recent Dankworth composition prize-winner Andrew Woodhead on piano, Chris Young on alto saxophone and Ben Kane on drums - are at The Red Lion in the Jewellery Quarter from 7.45pm for a Birmingham Jazz Club Night - PS5 for non-members.
The music world was lucky too - without the saxophone, would there have been a John Coltrane, Sidney Bechet, Charlie "Bird" Parker or a Stan Getz to work their magic?
The rare disease, known as Saxophone Lung, can be misdiagnosed due to the persistent cough and wheezing and association with mold allergy.
The new graphic designs are offered on high quality cotton guitar straps and jacquard woven synthetic saxophone straps, all manufactured with the highest attention to detail and an emphasis on providing quality products at prices affordable to all.
"They are certainly aware of new noises, so something like the saxophone was a great way of giving our leopard seal some different environmental enrichment."