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musical instrument invented in the 1840s by Adolphe Sax. Although it uses the single reed of the clarinet family, it has a conical tube and is made of metal. By 1846 there was a double family of 14 saxophones, seven in F and C for orchestral use and seven in E flat and B flat for bands. The latter are by far most common today, the alto, tenor, and baritone being used most frequently. The saxophone has a powerful tone, between woodwind and brass in quality and blending well with both. Valuable to bands and occasionally used in the orchestra, it is now best known for its extensive use in dance and jazz music. It has a small serious solo literature. All saxophones except those in C are transposing instrumentstransposing instrument,
a musical instrument whose part in a score is written at a different pitch than that actually sounded. Such an instrument is usually referred to by the keynote of its natural scale—the clarinet in A, for example—in which case A is sounded when
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a wind instrument, invented by A. Sax. It is made of brass in the shape of a parabolic tube and has a beak-shaped mouthpiece with a single reed. The saxophone family normally numbers seven members, ranging from the sopranino to the contrabass. One of the basic instruments of the jazz ensemble, it is also used in brass bands, as well as in music-hall and symphony orchestras. The saxophone is also played as a solo instrument.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Vertex-fed linear array antenna giving a cosecant-squared radiation pattern.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


a keyed wind instrument of mellow tone colour, used mainly in jazz and dance music. It is made in various sizes, has a conical bore, and a single reed
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
I want to be successful like every prominent saxophonist around the world.
As an orchestral saxophonist, Baker performs with the Lyric Opera of Chicago, Grant Park Orchestra, Chicago Philharmonic, Atlanta Opera and Atlanta Ballet and has appeared with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Joffrey Ballet, Paris Opera Ballet, Chicago Chamber Players, and American Ballet Theatre.
Unfortunately, Macdonald falls short of actually enabling saxophonists who need master extended techniques as part of their skill set.
In his late 20s, he gigged beside fellow saxophonists Alan Skidmore and Pete King, then formed his own band in 2005.
It might have started out with distinctive, slightly mournful two-horn harmonies over a sometimes circus-band beat, but with the creativity of Rochford, bassist Tom Herbert, saxophonists Mark Lockheart and Pete Wareham augmented by the sound manipulation of multiinstrumentalist Leafcutter John and moving inexorably forward it was never going to stay like that.
The five finalists included three saxophonists, a trumpeter and double bassist, aged between 13-18 years old.
Some of the future jazz stars nurtured in his bands included guitarists Jim Hall, Gabor Szabo and Larry Coryell, saxophonists Eric Dolphy and Charles Lloyd, and bassist Ron Carter.
We last saw the saxophonist perform at the Windhoek Showgrounds where she was an opening act for South African house sensation, Mi Casa.
| MUSICAL saxophonist ACT / The group has championed jazz gigs in the town since the late 80s.
AWARD-winning tenor saxophonist Karen Sharp takes to the bandstand in a Wrexham jazz concert this month.
Hebden is on the phone from Brooklyn, recalling the 2009 London festival gig that united him with saxophonist Mats Gustafsson (the really free guy) and drummer Steve Reid (the groove-based one), the same show that's out now on the two-disc set Live at the South Bank.
CLUB saxophonist Lady V will kick off the weekend's events at Cocoon Lounge tonight with a jamming session with resident DJ Dave Hayes.