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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a Norwegian or Icelandic poet of the ninth through 13th centuries. The poetry of the skalds has survived as fragments in the 13th-century Icelandic literary classics the Prose Edda and the sagas. Before being written down, Skaldic poetry existed in oral tradition. The poetry of about 250 skalds is known. The earliest skalds were Norwegians. The most famous skald was the Icelander Egill Skallagrímsson (tenth century).

The skalds composed eulogistic, derogatory, and occasional verse. Their poetry generally set down contemporary facts and hence is regarded as a reliable historical source. For mannered intricacy of form, skaldic poetry is without parallel in world literature. The meter is strict and complex and the language abounds in complicated periphrases (kennings) and poetic synonyms (heitis); phrases are intertwined with one another. Skaldic poetry is difficult to interpret.


Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning, 1A-2A (manuscript text); 1B-2B (corrected text with Danish translation). Edited by F. Jónsson. Copenhagen, 1908-15.


Steblin-Kamenskii, M. I. “Proiskhozhdenie poezii skal’dov.” In Skandinavskii sbornik, fasc. 3. Tallinn, 1958.
De Vries, J. Altnordische Literaturgeschichte, 2nd ed., vols. 1-2. Berlin, 1964-67.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Hot drinks can scald a child some 15 minutes after they have been made.
Serum samples were collected on days 2, 7, 14, and 21 to determine the impact of the scald wound on the anti-inflammatory response.
Figure-3: Mode of burns Scalds 69.04 falme 21.44 electric 7.14 chemical 2.38 Note: Table made from bar graph.
The study found that more than half of the children who were injured had been scalded; around a third had sustained contact burns and 116 had sustained burns from other causes.
Depending on the severity of the burn or scald, see your GP or go to a minor injuries unit or accident and emergency department.
"It can take a matter of seconds for a severe scald to be sustained, but the suffering can endure for many years.
For the purpose of modelling, and based on previous aerial photographs of the study area, it was estimated that the scalds at the site formed subsequent to 1945.
In 2002 five-year-old Holly Devonport, of Ryhill, near Wakefield suffered 55% scalds after accidentally falling into a hot bath.
"The boy was treated at the scene for scalds to his neck and chest area.
Dust Of Jerusalem: Your feet on the old stones of Jerusalem/felt heat rising from the earth/as if the flames of history/licked just beneath the surface//Something incendiary pushed tremors upward/so that meaning could not be denied//You tried to move forward into the future/but were pulled to your knees/which also felt the fire that reached/for the sky and beyond the sky//from the dark power at the center:/you were in Jerusalem//where each stone burns/to tell its story where each molecule/of dust brims with a radiance/that scalds.