Define scale factor
[gamma] to represent the proportional relationship between the steering angles of front and rear wheels.
For the scale factor
, [beta] of output universe should be determined by e and ec.
According to the description in Section 2, the scale factor
will decrease and more Huffman table with small indices will be chosen when the step size increases.
Therefore, we presented calibration method for three axis gyroscope using differential evolution algorithm which compensates scale factor
error, misalignment angles, and bias.
(b) Normalized 2D MSE maps; top panel with scale factor
[tau] = 1; middle panel with [tau] = 2; bottom panel with [tau] = 3, correctly identifying rotor core regions; (c) normalized 2D SE map with lower SE values at the rotor core.
where aS[F.sub.x], aS[F.sub.y], and aS[F.sub.z] are the accelerometer scale factor
errors of the x-axis, y-axis, and z-axis.
Specification SPAN-CPT Crossbow Update rate 100 Hz 100 Hz Gyroscopes Bias 20 deg/h 2 deg/s Scale factor
0.1% 1% Angle random 0.0667 deg/ 2.22 deg/ walk [square root of hr] [square root of hr] Accelerometers Bias 50 mg 30 mg Scale factor
0.4% 1% Range 10g 2g Specification VTI Update rate 20 Hz Gyroscopes Bias 1.5 deg/s Scale factor
2% Angle random 0.86 deg/ walk [square root of hr] Accelerometers Bias 70 mg Scale factor
1% Range 6g Table 2: Comparison of overall trajectory accuracies.
(ii) A theoretical analysis of this perfect single curve obtained with microgeometries with asperities modified by a scale factor
In de Sitter model, the scale factor
is taken as R = [e.sup.((m+1)/2)[xi]t], where [xi] is a positive constant.
We start from the Hamilton equations (13) in order to find relations between the scale factor
and the scalar fields, such as
In order to further increase coding efficiency, the eight short windows can be grouped in such a way that coefficients within a group share scale factors
. Finally using the codebook we obtain the bit stream.
As indicated by references [1,6] the present scale factor