Define

scale factor [gamma] to represent the proportional relationship between the steering angles of front and rear wheels.

For the

scale factor, [beta] of output universe should be determined by e and ec.

According to the description in Section 2, the

scale factor will decrease and more Huffman table with small indices will be chosen when the step size increases.

Therefore, we presented calibration method for three axis gyroscope using differential evolution algorithm which compensates

scale factor error, misalignment angles, and bias.

(b) Normalized 2D MSE maps; top panel with

scale factor [tau] = 1; middle panel with [tau] = 2; bottom panel with [tau] = 3, correctly identifying rotor core regions; (c) normalized 2D SE map with lower SE values at the rotor core.

where aS[F.sub.x], aS[F.sub.y], and aS[F.sub.z] are the accelerometer

scale factor errors of the x-axis, y-axis, and z-axis.

Specification SPAN-CPT Crossbow Update rate 100 Hz 100 Hz Gyroscopes Bias 20 deg/h 2 deg/s

Scale factor 0.1% 1% Angle random 0.0667 deg/ 2.22 deg/ walk [square root of hr] [square root of hr] Accelerometers Bias 50 mg 30 mg

Scale factor 0.4% 1% Range 10g 2g Specification VTI Update rate 20 Hz Gyroscopes Bias 1.5 deg/s

Scale factor 2% Angle random 0.86 deg/ walk [square root of hr] Accelerometers Bias 70 mg

Scale factor 1% Range 6g Table 2: Comparison of overall trajectory accuracies.

(ii) A theoretical analysis of this perfect single curve obtained with microgeometries with asperities modified by a

scale factorIn de Sitter model, the

scale factor is taken as R = [e.sup.((m+1)/2)[xi]t], where [xi] is a positive constant.

We start from the Hamilton equations (13) in order to find relations between the

scale factor and the scalar fields, such as

In order to further increase coding efficiency, the eight short windows can be grouped in such a way that coefficients within a group share

scale factors. Finally using the codebook we obtain the bit stream.

As indicated by references [1,6] the present

scale factor predicts