scaphoid

(redirected from scaphoids)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to scaphoids: scaphoid bone

scaphoid

[′skaf‚ȯid]
(anatomy)
A boat-shaped bone of the carpus or of the tarsus.
References in periodicals archive ?
The scaphoid length was quantified using a 3D method not relying on manual measurements.
The average left-right differences in volume, surface area, and scaphoid length among all subjects were 95 [mm.sup.3] (SD 66 [mm.sup.3], range: 4.8-235 [mm.sup.3]), 32 [mm.sup.2] (SD 22 [mm.sup.2], range: 0.7-84 [mm.sup.2]), and 0.5 mm (SD 0.4 mm, range: 0-1.4 mm), respectively.
The size of the scaphoid between genders differed significantly (Welch two sample i-test, P < 0.05) in volume, surface area, and length, considering only adult subjects.
Compson and colleagues [29] were one of the first who mentioned the importance of considering the 3D shape of the scaphoid for performing surgical treatment.
The dimension of the scaphoid, particularly its length, was determined manually in CT [25, 30], MRI [32], and cadavers [24].
developed a different method to measure the scaphoid volume.
Several biomechanical studies have been published evaluating scaphoid fracture fixation.
(30,31) Allowing for this, the selection of a device for the fixation of scaphoid nonunions involves numerous other factors and includes ease of insertion, prominence of hardware, degree of stability achieved, compression achieved at the fracture site, strength and stiffness of the fixation, and the ability to achieve early postoperative mobilization.
Beadel and coworkers, in a biomechanical study analyzing compression across a simulated scaphoid fracture, examined both Standard Acutrak[R] and Mini-Acutrak[R] screws.
Likewise, there exists no clinical studies that directly compare screw fixation to K-wire fixation for the treatment of scaphoid nonunions.
The Standard Acutrak[R] screw followed by the Mini-Acutrak[R] screw may be a better option than a pair of parallel 0.045-inch K-wires when treating scaphoid nonunions.
Natural history of scaphoid nonunion: A critical analysis.