Key words: Childhood traumatic experiences, maladaptive schemas
, histrionic, antisocial, narcissistic, borderline personality disorder.
In the initial assessments, the investigators found that self-sacrifice, unrelenting standards, and insufficient self-control were the most common schema
among the subject group, with notably elevated levels of disconnection, rejection, overvigilance, and inhibition.
To evaluate criterion validity, outcomes for the eight original schemas
included in both the DISC and SIC were taken into consideration.
It follows that, when presented with information individuals activate the potential attributes of such stimuli and compare it with existing knowledge or schemas
. This process plays a crucial role in helping individuals making inferences about possible outcomes of events and their respective probabilities.
The Winograd Schema
Challenge is concerned with finding the referents of pronouns, or solving the pronoun disambiguation problem.
build up from unmet or frustrated developmental and emotional needs early in life, and these unfulfilled needs - due to negative parenting styles - lead towards greater risk of psychopathology.21,22 According to research findings, these maladaptive schemas
are the central part of personality disorders among adults.22,23 The findings of the present study confirmed the hypothesis that maladaptive schemas
mediate between paternal negative parenting styles and personality disorders in offspring.
A thorough literature base has shown schema
instruction is effective in increasing students' problem-solving performance (Jitendra et al., 2015); however, application to the EBD population has not been experimentally tested.
In the fall of 2011, spring 2012, fall, 2012, and fall, 2013 after reading Young and Klosko (1993), the first author asked undergraduates across his human resource classes to name the two most important life traps (schemas
) they had faced thus far.
Specifically, Nishida's (1999) procedure schema
includes not only a sequence of steps, but also contains information about the steps and expectations for counterparties.
Yong  argued that some of the schemas
and mainly those rooted in unwanted experiences are formed throughout the childhood.
The marital conflict comes when the couples have any conflicting beliefs based on early life experiences, parenting styles, friends and community to the affairs of their lives and since schemas
are dimensional mode, meaning that they are different with together in term of intensity and scope of activities in mind, in other words, the more severe the schemes, the more number of situations activate it and when a person is excited he/she experience more negative emotions and being active schemas
in mind and takes more time, this somehow caused to create severe conflicts between the couples.
develop from our experiences; information from these experiences are organized and stored in our long-term memory as background knowledge.