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1. Psychol denoting a personality disorder characterized by extreme shyness and oversensitivity to others
2. a person who has a schizoid personality
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a constitutionally and genetically determined type of personality characterized by autism (that is, preoccupation with the self and alienation from the external world), emotional coldness combined with marked vulnerability, and the predominance of abstract thinking. It is often associated with an asthenic body build.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This varied and comparatively complex behaviour would suggest the normal ranged schizoid variant labelled as "the solitary style" (Oldham & Morris 1995) and "the retiring style" (Millon 2004), a normal variant or style of the schizoid personality who "is capable of executing the alternative" and "possesses the capability to relate to others when necessary." (Millon: 376)
And to leave the matter rest, the female criminal "of dubious and questionable memory" never appears in any other story, which makes the character consistent with itself and possibly with the suspicion of a schizoid personality.
Descriptions of the schizoid may vary in the assessment of the cognitive side of this type's behaviour: the term "impoverished" is used (Millon 2007: 58) to address the schizoid's cognition, while some others consider him capable of pursuing hobbies and particular activities as long as they do not require the social involvement he tries to avoid, while ascertaining that such activities may be of a rather sophisticated nature (chess, mathematics, computer science) and involve "an above average intelligence" (Dobbert 2007: 21).
N1 latencies (group effect, F[10, 224] = 2.3, p < .05; electrode effect, F[2, 448] = 1.2, p = .17; interaction effect, F[20, 448] = 1.2, p = .23) were significantly different among the 11 groups, with those in the schizoid group significantly different from those of the healthy controls (Duncan's test, p < .05), antisocial (p < .01), histrionic (p < .01), dependent (p < .01), and compulsive groups (p < .05) at the three electrode sites.
In contrast, the amplitudes of N2 (group effect, F[10, 224] = 2.3, p < .05; electrode effect, F[2, 448] = 40.8, p < .001; interaction effect, F[20, 448] = .8, p = .68) were significantly different among groups, with those of the schizoid group significantly higher than those in other groups except the paranoid at the three electrode sites.
Compared to those in the healthy controls, the mean N1 latencies were significantly shortened, and the mean N2 amplitudes were significantly intensified in the schizoid group.
I do not want to imply that today's schizoid music scene is an exclusively American music phenomenon.
While schizoid music is not crossover music, since the musicians described here are usually keeping their work in distinct genres separate, it is inevitable that work in one genre sometimes informs work in another.