Scholia

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Related to scholium: Scholion, scholiast
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scholia

 

explanatory notes on the margins of classical (mainly Greek) and medieval manuscripts. The term is first encountered in the works of Galen (second century A.D). Unlike commentaries, scholia did not explicate the text as a whole; they dealt with individual passages in Greek and Roman classics, in the Bible, and in works by early Christian writers.

The first scholiast is considered to be the grammarian Didymus Chalcenterus of Alexandria (first century A.D). Ancient scholia are those by such early Greek philologists as Aristarchus of Samothrace and Zenodotus of Ephesus; new scholia date from the later classical and medieval periods. Many medieval scholia are anonymous. The writing of scholia came to an end in the 15th and 16th centuries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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deficiency is that the Scholium conveys no hint of the limits
Also in this margin, Ximenez included a reference to his scholium at the end of the volume, which in turn uses the Arabic numerals to address the first folio's assertions of Europeanstyle writing.
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These theories were to be found in several places: the general scholium that Newton had added to the 1713 edition of the Principia Mathematica; queries 17-23, posed in the Latin translation (1706) of the first English edition of the Opticks (1704);(58) and two communications written by Newton in 1675 and 1679, which were published only in 1744 and 1747.(59)
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