scientific paradigm


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

scientific paradigm

a universally recognized scientific achievement that for a time provides model problems and solutions to a community of practitioners’ (KUHN, 1962). Kuhn has been criticized for using the term in a variety of senses (e.g. to refer to groups, FORMS OF LIFE, etc.). It is clear, however, that Kuhn's main reason for introducing the term was to draw attention to the fact that science is a ‘flesh and blood’ phenomenon and that the character and the achievements of science cannot be adequately understood as reducible to abstract theories (see also NORMAL AND REVOLUTIONARY SCIENCE). Once this is seen, the ‘looseness’ of the concept can be justified as reflecting a looseness in the subject matter.

While scientific paradigms are seen by Kuhn as a sign of the maturity of a scientific discipline and the social sciences viewed by him as ‘preparadigmatic’, it is also possible to talk of ‘paradigms’ in the social sciences, with the social sciences seen as ‘multiparadigmatic’ in a way that reflects the inherent difficulties and divergent interpretations of the subject matter.

Compare PROBLEMATIQUE, EPISTEME. See also FEYERABEND, SCIENCE, SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENCE.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
Analytical approach Philosophical Focus [right arrow] Kuhn's 'theoretical history' in the philosophy of science World-Building Concept [right arrow] Scientific Paradigm Dimension of Theory [down arrow] Essencing Exemplars Extrapolating Criteria of Assessment Engaging Scientifically Legitimate Activity Philosophical Focus [right arrow] Taylor's 'theoretical history' in the philosophy of society World-Building Concept [right arrow] Social Imaginary Dimension of Theory [down arrow] Essencing Ideal Cases Extrapolating Norms Engaging Morally Legitimate Activity Table 2.
Nonetheless, the book reads like a long, pleasant essay on science, scientific paradigms and their position, including falsification of knowledge in architecture.
Fantoli presents the individual views of and social interactions among the principal participants in the Galileo Affair, yet also explains this drama as a conflict between scientific paradigms. Galileo personally observed astronomical evidence that contradicted the Ptolemaic-Aristotelian cosmology.
new construction, 72 non-classical scientific paradigm, 8
The healthy scientific paradigm promotes integration.
Redefining the scientific paradigm in the treatment of schizophrenia
The development approach has established a scientific paradigm in tablet film coating technologies.
Each scientific paradigm (represented by a red circle) contains papers that were often cited together.
"The scientific paradigm shift requires that we rethink everything from diagnostics and treatment approaches - which currently place an unjustified importance on treating peripheral factors," he said.
"The scientific paradigm shift requires that we rethink everything from diagnostics and treatment approaches--which currently place an unjustified importance on treating peripheral factors," he said.

Full browser ?