scientific paradigm


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scientific paradigm

a universally recognized scientific achievement that for a time provides model problems and solutions to a community of practitioners’ (KUHN, 1962). Kuhn has been criticized for using the term in a variety of senses (e.g. to refer to groups, FORMS OF LIFE, etc.). It is clear, however, that Kuhn's main reason for introducing the term was to draw attention to the fact that science is a ‘flesh and blood’ phenomenon and that the character and the achievements of science cannot be adequately understood as reducible to abstract theories (see also NORMAL AND REVOLUTIONARY SCIENCE). Once this is seen, the ‘looseness’ of the concept can be justified as reflecting a looseness in the subject matter.

While scientific paradigms are seen by Kuhn as a sign of the maturity of a scientific discipline and the social sciences viewed by him as ‘preparadigmatic’, it is also possible to talk of ‘paradigms’ in the social sciences, with the social sciences seen as ‘multiparadigmatic’ in a way that reflects the inherent difficulties and divergent interpretations of the subject matter.

Compare PROBLEMATIQUE, EPISTEME. See also FEYERABEND, SCIENCE, SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENCE.

References in periodicals archive ?
Fantoli presents the individual views of and social interactions among the principal participants in the Galileo Affair, yet also explains this drama as a conflict between scientific paradigms.
new construction, 72 non-classical scientific paradigm, 8
The scientific paradigm shift requires that we rethink everything from diagnostics and treatment approaches - which currently place an unjustified importance on treating peripheral factors," he said.
The scientific paradigm shift requires that we rethink everything from diagnostics and treatment approaches--which currently place an unjustified importance on treating peripheral factors," he said.
Scientific paradigm shifts have a way of sneaking up unexpectedly.
The summarized features of my slide show (setting the tone, important milestones in science, the first seeds of a scientific paradigm, introducing the dramatis personae, crucial experiments that point toward a focused scientific thought process, and the intuitive process that leads to a scientific theory) can be used in presenting any theory chosen by the teacher.
It is limited to research questions within the scientific paradigm.
Kuhn does not equate the scientific community with scientific paradigm.
The Paradigm of Complexity originated in the 20th century as a scientific paradigm mainly by the comparison between humanistic and natural sciences.
If the scientific paradigm is dominant in our society, the courtroom is still the forum where, for better and sometimes worse, science is put in its place.
Our new beliefs did not stem from some new experiment or unexpected observation, the way a real scientific paradigm shift does.

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