Scoliosis


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scoliosis

[‚skō·lē′ō·səs]
(medicine)
Lateral curvature of the spine.

Scoliosis

 

a lateral deviation of the spine in man. Scoliosis develops during the period of rapid growth of the spine, between the ages of five and 15; it is three to six times more common in girls. The deviation may be to the left or to the right. Scoliosis generally occurs in the thoracic segment of the spine. It may subsequently also affect the lumbar segment, causing S-shaped scoliosis. If scoliosis is pronounced, the pelvis becomes misaligned, the gait is abnormal, and lung and heart functions are impaired. Scoliosis combined with kyphosis is called kyphoscoliosis.

Scoliosis may be congenital, caused by abnormal embryonic development, or acquired. Acquired scoliosis may develop from rickets, injuries (usually after a spinal fracture in the lumbar segment), paralysis (for example, during poliomyelitis), or reflex pain (for example, if the sciatic nerve becomes inflamed, resulting in the reflex strain of spinal muscles). Children who do not sit properly at their school desks are often afflicted with scoliosis; this type of scoliosis is usually accompanied by rachitic scoliosis.

Preventive measures are based on eliminating the main causes of the disease. Health standards should be observed in designing children’s furniture, and children should be taught to sit properly at a desk or table. Therapy includes swimming and exercise. Those with pronounced scoliosis can wear special corrective corsets or have surgical treatment.

REFERENCES

Movshovich, 1. A. Skolioz. Moscow, 1964.
Liandres, Z. A., and L. K. Zakrevskii. Operativnoe lechente skoliozov u detei. Leningrad, 1967. (Contains bibliography.)

V. F. POZHARISKII

References in periodicals archive ?
A total of 84 participants was divided into two groups: 42 adolescents without scoliosis (control group) and 42 patients with AIS (AIS group).
"Broadly speaking, there are two groups of children affected - children under the age of 10 have Early Onset Scoliosis (EOS) while those over 10 have Adolescent Scoliosis (AS).
The current surgical treatment for scoliosis is an invasive operation involving large incisions, extensive soft tissue disruption and restriction of spinal motion with metal rods inserted along both sides of the spine to secure and align the vertebrae.
According to the company, the current surgical treatment for scoliosis is an invasive operation involving large incisions, extensive soft tissue disruption and restriction of spinal motion with metal rods inserted along both sides of the spine to secure and align the vertebrae.
The brace will not "fix" scoliosis; rather, it will help keep the condition in check and is meant to prevent progression of the curve.
Scoliosis is condition that causes a sideways curvature of the spine in S or C shape.
Scoliosis comes from the Greek word skolios, which means "crooked." Referring to your back or spine, scoliosis then means that the column is crooked sideways or curved as seen from behind - in some cases, resembling a snake.
Many people have heard of scoliosis and know this has something to do with the spine.
Scoliosis is one of the most prevalent spinal diseases affecting adolescents.
[ClickPress, Tue Mar 12 2019] Scoliosis occurs due to spurt in growth of backbone just before puberty.
The Scoliosis Research Society defines AIS as an unknown spinal deformity, characterized by changes in three planes: lateral curvature with a Cobb angle [greater than or equal to] 10[degrees], thoracic lordosis, and axial rotation.