sea horse


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sea horse

1. any marine teleost fish of the temperate and tropical genus Hippocampus, having a bony-plated body, a prehensile tail, and a horselike head and swimming in an upright position: family Syngnathidae (pipefishes)
2. an archaic name for the walrus
3. a fabled sea creature with the tail of a fish and the front parts of a horse

Sea Horse

 

any one fish of the genus Hippocampus of the family Syngnathidae of the order Lophobranchii. The body, which resembles the knight in chess, is 4–20 cm long. There are approximately 30 species, distributed in temperate and tropical seas. Sea horses live near the shore in thickets of aquatic grasses and algae and among coral. Two species are found in the seas of the USSR: Hippocampus guttulatus microstephanus, which lives in the Black and Azov seas, and H. japonicus, which is encountered in the Sea of Japan. Sea horses feed primarily on small planktonic crustaceans. Members of other closely related genera are sometimes called sea horses.

REFERENCES

Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.
Zhizn’zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.

sea horse

[′sē ‚hȯrs]
(invertebrate zoology)
Any of about 50 species of tropical and subtropical marine fishes constituting the genus Hippocampus in the family Syngnathidae; the body is compressed, the head is bent ventrally and has a tubiform snout, and the tail is tapering and prehensile.

Sea Horse

[′sē ‚hȯrs]
(astronomy)
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