Hawaiian-Emperor Seamount Chain
. Journal of Geophysical Research, 83: 5989-6004.
The abrupt stop probably caused the roughly 120-degree kink in the Hawaiian-Emperor seamount chain
as Earth's crust moved westward over the plume, they conclude.
These islands are the visible peaks of a chain of seamounts and volcanoes known as the Easter-Salas y Gomez Seamount Chain
(e.g., Kingsley & Schilling, 1998; Simons et al., 2002) and Juan Fernandez Ridge (Rodrigo et al, 2014).
The seafloor of the northeastern Pacific Ocean is typical of most oceanic regions in that it features three different kinds of volcanic edifices that produce primarily basaltic volcanic rocks and their intrusive equivalents: mid-ocean ridges, where new oceanic crust is produced; near-ridge seamounts, which form adjacent to mid-ocean ridges but are not part of the mid-ocean ridge system itself; and intraplate seamounts that form well away from plate boundaries, such as the Hawaii-Emperor seamount chain
More than 80 undersea volcanoes and a multitude of islands are dotted along the Hawaii-Emperor seamount chain
like pearls on a necklace.
The six islands of Hawai'i--Kaua'i, O'ahu, Moloka'i, Lana'i, Maul and the Big Island--represent the youngest volcanoes of this Hawai'ian Ridge-Emperor Seamount Chain
, with the Big Island the newest of all.
Joban Seamount Chain
, 36[degrees]40, 144[degrees]35 (Undersea)
The New England Seamount chain
off the USA's northeast coast has even been shown to affect the flow of the Gulf Stream.
The geology of the Wrangellia terrane is consistent with an accreted hotspot-generated seamount chain
. It is proposed that Wrangellia represent remnants of the Yellowstone seamount chain
Cobb was formed near the Juan de Fuca Ridge as part of the Cobb-Eickelberg Seamount chain
(Davis and Karsten, 1986).
In 1965, Japanese coral fishermen discovered a huge bed of commercial pink coral at about 400-m depth on the Milwaukee Banks in the Emperor Seamount Chain
north of Midway Island near the northwesternmost end of the Hawaiian Archipelago.
The Easter Island and Salas y Gomez Island form a part of the chain of seamounts or volcanoes (Gonzalez-Ferran, 1987, 1994), known as "Easter-Salas y Gomez Seamount Chain
" (e.g., Kingsley & Schilling, 1998; Simons et al, 2002), "Easter Seamount Chain
" (Naar et al, 1993; Rappaport et al, 1997), "Easter Ridge" o "Salas y Gomez Ridge" (Clark & Dymond, 1977), or "Easter Island Fracture Zone" (Menard, 1964), among other names.