search warrant

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search warrant,

in law, written order by an official of a court authorizing an officer to search in a specified place for specified objects and to seize them if found. The objects sought may be stolen goods or physical evidences of the commission of crime (e.g., narcotics). The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which protects against unreasonable searches and seizures, provides, in effect, that a search warrant may be issued only on oath or affirmation that a crime was probably committed. In Mapp v. OhioMapp v. Ohio,
case decided in 1961 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Dollree Mapp was convicted in a state court of possessing pornographic material in violation of Ohio law. Her conviction was obtained on the basis of evidence taken by the police when they entered (1957) her
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 (1961) the U.S. Supreme Court mandated states to exclude from trial evidence obtained in illegal searches, such as those without a proper warrant. This "exclusionary rule" has been the subject of great controversy and subsequent litigation. In recent years, the Supreme Court has narrowed the scope of the rule, in many circumstances permitting the introduction of any evidence gathered in "good faith." Courts have ruled that wiretaps, use of a thermal-imaging device to examine a private home from a public street, and tracking a person's movements with a global positioning system device constitute searches that require warrants. Warrants are not required for the gathering of evidence in some circumstances. These exceptions include evidence gathered after a lawful arrest, inspections by customs or border officials, searches made with the suspect's consent, searches of items in plain view, and searches of the belongings of secondary students on school property.

search warrant

a written order issued by a justice of the peace authorizing a constable or other officer to enter and search premises for stolen goods, drugs, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ogwemoh argued that the section provided that a search warrant required the appearance of the plaintiff who had immunity at the property to be searched and further submitted that the submission by the counsel to the Police that it had the discretion to search his house in his absence was against the law.
Armed with search warrants issued by Quezon City Regional Trial Court Branch 82 Judge Lyn Ebora-Cacha, officers from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Quezon City Police District (QCPD), raided two houses in Barangays Paltok and Bahay Toro at around 11:30 a.
A search warrant gives authority to search a particular place.
Chiou had allegedly given the bottle with the whiskey mixture to an Enterprise rental car employee at the airport before police arrived, the search warrant states.
Executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Florida Howard Simon have, on the contrary justified the decision saying that mobile phones contain information that go far beyond what the police may be investigating and have any interest in, and so there needs to be a proper search warrant before rummaging through phones.
In earlier proceedings, Assistant District Attorney Lisa Casella argued that the release of the search warrant and supporting documents could compromise the ongoing investigation.
When inquired him about the raid without search warrant, Colonel Tauqeer said that the raid was conducted without search warrant due to shortage of time.
In May, the Court decided In Re Search Warrant For Medical Records, which involved the late night issuance of a search warrant by state police to Exeter Hospital for lab and medical records of a patient who had been in a car accident.
A receipt for the search warrant detailed items seized when government drug agents and Los Angeles police descended on Dr Murray's clinic on Wednesday.
They say they also executed a search warrant at a residential address in the Galley Common area of the town.
Lord Justice Latham said: "The obtaining of a search warrant is never to be treated as a formality.
No charges have been lodged but search warrants were executed earlier this month.

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