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Related to seasonal allergic rhinitis: hay fever, urticaria, Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria


Inflammation of the mucous membranes in the nose.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose. It may be a self-contained disease or a symptom of acute catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, influenza, and other infectious diseases; it may also be the result of injury to a mucous membrane.

Acute rhinitis as a self-contained disease (the common cold) generally occurs in wet and cold weather. The causative agents are various microbes (streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci) and viruses. The predisposing factors are general and local chilling and mechanical and chemical irritants. Acute rhinitis usually ends with recovery. Complications (diseases of the paranasal sinuses, inflammation of the middle ear) are comparatively rare. Treatment includes sudorific agents (tea with raspberries), acetylsalicylic acid or aminophenazone when there is fever, nose drops (1 percent menthol oil, 1–3 percent ephedrine solution) to facilitate nasal breathing, and revulsive agents (mustard plasters applied to the feet and hot leg baths). Prevention includes the building up of natural resistance from early childhood.

Chronic rhinitis results from the repeated recurrence of acute rhinitis. It is manifested by constant thick discharges from the nose, obstruction of nasal breathing, and a decreased sense of smell. Treatment includes physical therapy, lubrication of the nasal mucosa, and the use of nose drops. Prevention includes the elimination of the causes of recurrent acute rhinitis.

A particular form of rhinitis is allergic, or anaphylactic, rhinitis, which is an allergic reaction to dust and to pollen when certain plants are in bloom (for example, hay fever). The disease is characterized by intermittent attacks marked by itching in the nose, frequent sneezing, copious watery discharges, and nasal obstruction. Treatment includes the administration of antiallergic agents and the detection and elimination of the allergen.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In seasonal allergic rhinitis, it might be due to more pronounced allergic properties of anemophilous plant pollen.
* A review of the Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis products under development by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources
Seasonal allergic rhinitis, as its name implies, will manifest itself usually during the pollen seasons, most typically in the spring and fall.
Leukotrienes are inflammatory mediators that cause vasodilatation and mucosal swelling, which results in the congestion associated with seasonal allergic rhinitis. Leukotriene receptor antagonists inhibit leukotrienes, thereby decreasing congestion associated with seasonal allergic rhinitis (Gonyeau & Partisano, 2003).
Schapowal A, (2002) Randomised controlled trial of butterbur and ceterizine for treating seasonal allergic rhinitis. BMJ 324: 144-146
In two 4-week studies of almost 1,000 patients aged 15-75 with asthma and seasonal allergic rhinitis, those treated with Clarinex had improvements in rhinitis symptoms, with no decrease in pulmonary function.
suffer from seasonal allergic rhinitis, or hay fever, according to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI).
Seasonal allergic rhinitis is due mainly to pollen.
Instead, they enter human noses and throats, triggering a type of seasonal allergic rhinitis called pollen allergy, which many people now as hay fever or rose fever (depending on the season in which the symptoms occur).
Seasonal allergic rhinitis (hay fever) is caused by allergy to pollens of trees, grasses or weeds or by mold spores.
Biotechnology company Allergy Therapeutics plc (AIM: AGY) announced on Monday "highly positive" top-line results from its Phase II dose ranging study of grass-pollen induced seasonal allergic rhinitis (hay fever) treatment Grass Modified Allergen Tyrosine Absorbed (MATA) MPL.
A nasally applied nasal cellulose powder in seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) in children and adolescents; reduction of symptoms and relation to pollen load.

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