Hosted by Dr Mohamed Waqar Azeem, inaugural chair of the Department of Psychiatry at Sidra Medical and Research Center and Weill Cornell Medicine - Qatar, the WISH webinar highlighted how physical and mechanical restraints and seclusions
are used in child and adolescent psychiatric treatment venues as a means of managing aggressive and self-harming behaviour.
The student has been diagnosed with multiple developmental disorders, and repeat visits to the school's seclusion
room caused her to become claustrophobic, fearful of the dark and suffer nightmares, the suit asserts.
The number of seclusions
per month is summarised in Table 1.
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The use of restraint and seclusion
procedures to manage significant behavioral issues has moved with these students into the school setting (Ryan & Peterson, 2004).
"For example, people often ask about the duration of restraint and seclusions
(when they do happen), and whether seclusions
are being substituted for restraints--thus taking a benefit by using what some would see as a more coercive technique.
This has resulted in a move away from providing direct treatment of behavior dysfunction and an increase in the use of high dosages of psychoactive medications, leading in many cases to unnecessary chemical restraints, mechanical restraints, and seclusion
(see Hunter, 1995; Hunter, 1999; Hunter, 2000).
The number of misbehaving students placed in small, isolated rooms - known as seclusion
rooms - in the Eugene School District dramatically decreased during the last school year, but the district put students in seclusion
three times as often as the Springfield School District.
Her medical center has gone from six or seven seclusions
a day to one a month because they believe seclusion
is traumatizing to children, she said.
A FIRST OF ITS KIND, THE Preventing Harmful Restraint and Seclusion
in Schools Act has been introduced to set national standards for the practices of controlling disruptive and potentially dangerous students.
"For Our Own Safety" is devoted entirely to the subject of, and risks associated with, restraint and seclusion