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Related to secondary dysmenorrhea: adenomyosis, endometriosis, primary dysmenorrhea


Difficult or painful menstruation.



disturbances of menstruation, characterized by pains in the lower abdomen, the small of the back, and the sacrum (algomenorrhea), combined with general symptoms (migraine, heart palpitations, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rashes, and sleep disturbance).

Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women with no previous gynecological disease, most often in young girls and young women who have not given birth. This dysmenorrhea often ceases with a regular sex life and especially after parturition. Secondary dysmenorrhea appears as a result of inflammatory processes, the development of tumors in the woman’s sex organs, version of the uterus, and so on. Dysmenorrhea may develop as a result of psychological shock associated with the onset of the first menstruation in uninformed young girls, when there is a long-unfulfilled desire to become pregnant, and in cases of unsatisfactory sex life. Sometimes dysmenorrhea arises owing to the functional characteristics of a woman’s nervous system (vagotonic form). A special form of dysmenorrhea is membranous dysmenorrhea, which is associated with hormonal disharmony (the preponderance of estrogen over the hormone of the corpus luteum).

Treatment depends on the causes of the dysmenorrhea and its form. General restorative treatment, pain relievers, sedatives, hormone therapy, and physical therapy are prescribed.

References in periodicals archive ?
The physical examination was not done to identify the secondary dysmenorrhea and so secondary dysmenorrhea was not included in our study.
The secondary dysmenorrhea is defined as pain that occurs during menstruation and that is presumably due to an anatomic or pelvic abnormality.
The classic patient with endometriosis is in her mid-30s, nulliparous and infertile, and has symptoms of secondary dysmenorrhea and pelvic pain.
It has two subcategories: primary and secondary dysmenorrhea. Studies reported the prevalence of PD was 20%-91% [5-7]; the women with severe pain accounted for 2%-29%.
In the case of painful menstruation suspected to arise from endometriosis, the code for secondary dysmenorrhea should be reported.
It is usually classified into two subcategories: primary dysmenorrhea (PD) and secondary dysmenorrhea. PD occurs in the absence of an identifiable pathological condition [1].

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