sedition


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sedition

(sĭdĭ`shən), in law, acts or words tending to upset the authority of a government. The scope of the offense was broad in early common law, which even permitted prosecution for a remark insulting to the king. Although there have been several statutes in the United States forbidding seditious utterances and writings, the protection guaranteed to speech and press by the First Amendment to the Constitution has made them difficult to enforce except during periods of great national stress. The Sedition Act of 1798 generated so much opposition (see Alien and Sedition ActsAlien and Sedition Acts,
1798, four laws enacted by the Federalist-controlled U.S. Congress, allegedly in response to the hostile actions of the French Revolutionary government on the seas and in the councils of diplomacy (see XYZ Affair), but actually designed to destroy Thomas
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) that similar statutes were not enacted until the 20th cent. During World War I the Espionage Act (1917) and the Sedition Act (1918) punished speeches and writings that interfered with the war effort or caused contempt for the government. Vaguely worded and broadly interpreted, they resulted in over 2,000 prosecutions, mostly against radicals and the radical press. The Smith Act of 1940, restricted in scope to the advocacy of violence against the government, was invoked only infrequently during World War II, though it was later used successfully to prosecute Communist party leaders, as in Dennis v. United States (1951). The libellibel and slander,
in law, types of defamation. In common law, written defamation was libel and spoken defamation was slander. Today, however, there are no such clear definitions.
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 decision of Sullivan v. New York Times (1964), by granting special protection to criticism of public officials, largely eliminated what remained of the crime of sedition in the United States.

sedition

1. an offence that tends to undermine the authority of a state
2. an incitement to public disorder
References in periodicals archive ?
The issue came into focus again after the president of the Public Service Association (PSA), Watson Duke, was charged last week by police on a count of sedition following remarks made last November.
The Vice President asked the DOJ to dismiss for lack of evidence the sedition complaint filed by the Philippine National Police, and pointed out that the complaint did not allege that she had engaged in any specific act of sedition or inciting to sedition.
'Mujahid's proposal that such legislation is incorporated by way of specific provisions in the Sedition Act is regrettable as the said Act has been identified by the PH government as one of the draconian laws which ought to be repealed in this country,' Ramkarpal said in a statement today.
Calida in OSG appearance at sedition probe: Respondents are accused of treason !-- -- (Philstar.com) - August 20, 2019 - 4:46pm MANILA, Philippines Solicitor General Jose Calida moved for the dismissal of motions seeking the disqualification of the Office of the Solicitor General in the preliminary probe into the police's sedition complaint against opposition members.
Lawyer Lorenzo "Larry" Gadon formally asked the Department of Justice (DOJ) Monday to place his client, Peter Joemel Advincula alias 'Bikoy' under the government's witness protection program ahead of the prosecutors' hearing into the sedition charges filed by the Philippine National Police-Criminal Investigation and Detection Group (PNP-CIDG) against him and 36 other personalities.
The sedition case filed against Vice President Leni Robredo and 35 others brings to mind the 1985 subversion case filed by the Marcos regime against Senator Jovito Salonga for his alleged complicity in a series of Manila bombings.
Tamil Nadu politician and Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) chief Vaiko was convicted in a sedition case of 2009 on Friday, and was sentenced to one year in jail by a special court in Chennai, India Today reported.
Summary: New Delhi [India], July 3 (ANI): The Centre on Wednesday said there is no proposal to scrap the sedition law and asserted that it is needed "to effectively combat anti-national, secessionist and terrorist elements".
NNA - In an issued statement by His Eminence, Druze Sheikh Aql Naim Hassan, he called on members of the Druze community to maintain a state of tranquility and prevent the goals of sedition from being achieved in the Mountain.
Manama: Bahrain has vowed to act firmly against websites accused of trying to foment sedition in the country.
Senator Antonio Trillanes' legal battles continue as the Pasay City Prosecutor's Office found probable cause to charge him with inciting to sedition.The case stemmed from Labour Undersecretary Jacinto Paras' complaint that the opposition lawmaker made incendiary statements to the military to oust President Rodrigo Duterte during a privilege speech at the Senate on September 5, 2018.
ISLAMABAD -- Tehreek-e-Hurriyat Jammu and Kashmir Chairman, Mohammad Ashraf Sehrai, has denounced the sedition charges and filing of a charge sheet against the seven Kashmiri students by Delhi police.