# segment

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## segment

1. Maths
a. a part of a line or curve between two points
b. a part of a plane or solid figure cut off by an intersecting line, plane, or planes, esp one between a chord and an arc of a circle
2. Zoology any of the parts into which the body or appendages of an annelid or arthropod are divided

## Segment

in mathematics. A segment of a line is the set of points on the line that are located between two points A and B; in Russian usage, the segment includes both A and B. In other words, a segment is the set of points of a line such that the coordinates of the points satisfy the condition axb, where a and b are the coordinates of the segment endpoints. Thus, the segment constitutes a closed interval and can be denoted by [a, b].

## Segment

(1)A segment in the plane is a region bounded by a chord and the arc of the curve subtended by the chord. The area of the segment AmB of the circle in Figure 1 is the difference between the area of the sector OAmB and the triangle OAB.

Figure 1

(2) A segment in space is a part cut off from a solid by a plane. An example is a spherical segment.

(3) A segment of a line is the set of points on a line that are located between two points A and B. In Russian usage, the two points A and B are included in the segment. Thus, a segment is the set of points on a line whose coordinates satisfy the condition axb. (SeeINTERVAL AND SEGMENT.)

## Segment

(also metamere), one of a series of homologous parts of the body of an animal, located along the long axis of the body. Segments may be similar to one another; for instance, among the most primitive annelids the entire complex of organs is repeated in each segment. Given the same general structure, complete similarity between segments may be destroyed by the absence of certain organs or by some change in the organs: these types of segments may be observed among arthropods. The segmentation of an animal’s body is also called metamerism.

## segment

[′seg·mənt]
(analytical chemistry)
A specific, demarcated portion of a lot of a substance that is to be chemically analyzed.
(computer science)
A single section of an overlay program structure, which can be loaded into the main memory when and as needed.
In some direct-access storage devices, a hardware-defined portion of a track having fixed data capacity.
(mathematics)
A segment of a line or curve is any connected piece.
A segment of a circle is a portion of the circle bounded by a chord and an arc subtended by the chord.
A segment of a totally ordered Abelian group G is a subset D of G such that if a is in D then so are all elements b satisfying -aba.
In air operations, a basic functional division of an instrument approach procedure; it bears a fixed orientation with respect to the course to be flown; it is assigned specific geometric coordinates which uniquely determine its position; the location of the segment is assigned with respect to the obstacles in the operations area.

## segment

/seg'ment/ 1. <architecture> A collection of pages in a memory management system.

2. <programming> A separately relocatable section of an executable program. Unix executables have a text segment (executable machine instructions), a data segment (initialised data) and a bss segment (uninitialised data).

3. <networking> network segment.

4. To experience a segmentation fault. Confusingly, the stress is often put on the first syllable, like the noun "segment", rather than the second like mainstream verb "segment". This is because it is actually a noun shorthand that has been verbed.

5. A block of memory in a segmented address space.

## segment

(1) Any partition, reserved area, partial component or piece of a larger structure. See overlay.

(2) One of the bars that make up a single character in an LED or LCD display.

(3) For DOS segment addressing, see paragraph.
References in periodicals archive ?
One interesting aspect of the data with the aligned pie graph is that it suggests that pie graph readers do not need configural cues that may be present with the whole pie to estimate the proportional size of a segment. Participants also did not appear to need an additional time-consuming processing step that served to sum the various segments or reorganize them into a whole.
Foreign cigarette companies seek to modify the three segments to serve their interests, and each one has different proposals to reduce taxes on cigarette products.
Sushant Nayak of Tata Motors will be handling the Heavy Commercial Vehicles segment (E-buses, trucks); Sulajja Firodia Motwani of Kinetic Green will assist the Electric 3 Wheelers segment (E-rickshaw, L-5 auto E-Karts); Manu Sharma of Hero Electric will be spearheading Electric 2 Wheelers segment (E-cycles to high speed scooter, bikes); Pawan Sachdeva of Mahindra Electric will be responsible for the Electric 4 Wheelers segment (Car, LCV on 4 wheels) and Guruprasad Pudlapur of BOSCH will look after the Component Drive Train segment (charging infra, electrical, electronic components except battery).
Although it is important to consider the financial information available to and used by the CODM when identifying an entity's operating segments, the CODM reporting package may not be determinative.
Segment 10, the second segment, is 5.65 kilometers and connects Mac Arthur Highway to Port Area.
The ACK indiscretion problem can cause the Fast Retransmit to misbehave, requiring the sensor node to perform unnecessary retransmissions of the DATA segment. This happens whenever the source node receives four ACK segments with the same sequence number along different paths, regardless of the received ACK segment type.
According to the company, the US Packaging segment represents food, consumer and industrial products packaging-related manufacturing operations in the US.
The above data suggest that the miscibility between the soft segments and the hard segments follows in the order: M4PC5652, M4PC6002 > M4BA2, M4PCL2 > M4PE2, this trend matches with that of the light transmittance (see Fig.
In 2005, Wausau Paper's tissue segment profits advanced while the company as a whole reported a loss.
All 12 segments of CTFV and EYAV have conserved sequences that are located at their termini.
It used heated segments around the die instead of cooling air.

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