(3) But we should pause here to acknowledge briefly the contribution made by those early British selenographers
whose work contributed to the emergence of three themes that, as this address will argue, came to distinguish later British lunar study and define its essential character.
also gave designations to the lunar bright areas.
However it was during the mid 19th century that Plato suffered what might be termed an 'onslaught' from selenographers
. The light streaks, white spots and other features were observed, commented upon and charted in unprecedented detail in the hope that evidence for lunar changes might be established.
At the annual meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science held at Norwich in 1868 August, the German selenographer
It is interesting to note at this point the apparent absence from the discussion of one of the most respected selenographers
of the 19th century, Johann Friedrich Julius Schmidt (1825-1884), whose Chart der Gebirge des Mondes, Berlin 1878, is generally regarded as the pinnacle of 19th century selenography.
(1) Indeed his combination of artistic skills, acute powers of observation, decades of close observational experience--and ready recall of that resource--render him unique among serious modern selenographers
The greatest of all classic selenographers
, the German Johann Madler, named it after his friend and countryman Alexander von Humboldt, who explored uncharted regions of the Earth.
Wilkins was neither hero nor villain, but a man whose love of lunar cartography was, paradoxically, both driven and impaired by values and judgements that may now seem misplaced, but which seemed perfectly acceptable to selenographers
of his era.
A hundred years ago selenographers
called this external wreath a glacis, which is the slope that provides a buffer between a castle's walls and the ground.
Most early selenographers
considered the variety of crater morphologies to represent fundamentally different types of structures.
considered it an "imperfect ring" and generally ignored it.
widely debated the origin of these rays.