self-government

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self-government

the government of a country, nation, etc., by its own people

Self-Government

 

the management of the affairs of a territorial community, organization, or group independently by its members, through elective bodies or by direct means such as assemblies or referenda. The main features of self-government are the possession of public power by the people or electors of a particular territory or by the members of a public organization or group, their autonomy in deciding internal questions, and the absence of externally appointed governing bodies.

In local self-government, one of the types of state administration at the local level, the population of an administrative and territorial unit manages local affairs autonomously, either indirectly through elected bodies or directly, within the limits of laws established by the state. Introduced in Western Europe as a result of the bourgeois revolutions, the system of local self-government completed its development under premonopoly capitalism. Bourgeois local self-government was very narrowly applied. At the sociopolitical level, it was a sham, because formal recognition of the members of the community as the agents of government was combined with the de facto elimination of the exploited masses from participation in government. The growth of centralism and the increase in state intervention in local affairs, which accompanied the transition to the imperialist stage of capitalism, resulted in the loss of even the limited autonomy of bourgeois self-government and in its transformation into a component of the administrative apparatus of the state.

The broadening of the powers of the bodies of local self-government is among the general democratic demands of the working class in contemporary capitalist states. However, contrary to the claims of bourgeois and reformist ideologists, democratizing local administration and broadening the functions of locally elected bodies (municipalities) are not sufficient to produce change in the character of the bourgeois state or the capitalist system. V. I. Lenin exposed the opportunistic essence of the conceptions of municipal socialism and emphasized the class limitations of bourgeois local self-government and its narrowness and impotence when confronting centralized power (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 17, p. 163).

Complete, consistently democratic, local self-government develops with the victory of the socialist revolution. In the socialist states, local self-government has a qualitatively new basis. Local representative bodies of state authority are organized and function so that the working people participate in administering local affairs and in deciding issues relevant to the entire state. In socialist society the working people exercise political power through their own state and through various public mass organizations and other bodies of independent civic activity. The activity of these organizations and bodies in guaranteeing the interests of the working people, in meeting their material and cultural needs, and in carrying out governmental tasks assigned to them constitute a form of social self-government, which is one of the manifestations of popular rule and socialist democracy. Public mass organizations and bodies of independent civic activity are components of the political organization of socialist society.

Social self-government continues to have a political character under socialism, playing a tremendous role in involving the working people in regular and active participation in administering government and public affairs. As the socialist state develops and perfects its political system, a state of the whole people emerges—a transitional stage in the development toward the stateless form of organization under communist society, toward the full implementation of social self-government. The development of social self-government is one of the principal means for the gradual transition to communist social self-government.

G. V. BARABASHEV [22–16334]

References in periodicals archive ?
PKK terrorists have dug trenches and built makeshift barricades with booby-trapped explosives in districts such as Cizre, Silopi and Sur in the predominantly Kurdish Southeast as part of an effort for self-rule.
While a military crackdown in the southeast is part of what has reignited Kurdish militancy, the push for self-rule has also intensified the crackdown.
Create a self-rule index for local authorities and country profiles for the EU Member States, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland.
The head of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic election commission Roman Lyagin said that 89 percent voted in favour of self-rule.
In the largely rebel-controlled regions of Donetsk and Lugansk, which have declared a breakaway "People's Republic of Donetsk", preparations went ahead for Sunday's self-rule referendum, though there was widespread uncertainty about what the question on the ballot paper meant:
These 'de-centralisation' proposals appeared in part designed to meet separatists demands for self-rule, though they differ for calls by Russia for Ukraine to adopt a "federalised" model.
Such self-rule areas are struggling to out-last Assad in what is increasingly a war of attrition.
(2)"RAJ" is a noun and means "Reign or Rule" (3) "SWARAJ" is a noun and means "Self-Rule or Self-Government" It is a derivative from swayam (self) and rajyam (government) (4) "TAJ" is a noun and means "a tall conical cap worn as a mark of distinction by Muslims", or from the Arabic for "crown or crest" These are not new words and have been in use for many decades, due to the fact that we Great Britain used to Rule India until Indian Independence on 14 August 1947 DAVID TOWNEND Linthwaite
The Provincial Council of the Sunni Arab region of Anbar - by far the largest of Iraq's 18 governorates in the west of the country and bordering with Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Syria - is insisting on self-rule similar to that of Kurdistan.
It sparked a mutiny and a civil war that lasted from 1955 to 1972 when the South was allowed a degree of self-rule.
Egypt last week brokered the accord between the Islamist Hamas, which runs the Gaza Strip, and the secular Fatah, which heads the U.S.-backed Palestinian Authority and controls self-rule areas of the occupied West Bank.
Catalonia has its own language and culture and a large degree of self-rule. Many in Spain have seen the pressure for a bullfighting ban as a further bid by Catalonia to stand out.