self-supporting wall

non-load-bearing wall

A wall capable only of supporting its own weight and (if it is an exterior wall) capable of resisting the force of the wind blowing against it; it cannot support an imposed load. Compare with load-bearing wall; also called a nonbearing wall.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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In 1849, he created the first structure using cast iron self-supporting walls. It featured two street facades that consisted of Doric-style columns, panels, sills and plates, which were cast individually, machined smooth and bolted together at the building site.