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1. an individual's consciousness of his own identity or being
2. Philosophy that which is essential to an individual, esp the mind or soul in Cartesian metaphysics; the ego
3. a bird, animal. etc., that is a single colour throughout, esp a self-coloured pigeon
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


a mental construction of the person, by the person, but inevitably formed from social experience. Thus the person sees him/herself reflected by others, in their reactions, and these are interpreted through the lattice of self-perception. MEAD (1934) is particularly associated with this idea of the self as being a social construction; self cannot exist without society – the self is where knowledge resides, but the knowledge is about society, which surrounds it. Theorists such as Mead and COOLEY (see SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM, LOOKING-GLASS SELF) and some sociologists also emphasize the REFLEXIVITY and creativity possessed by social actors. This view of the self and self-identity contrasts sharply with conceptions of DECENTRED SELF recently to the fore within POSTSTRUCTURALISM (e.g. LACAN).

The 'self also receives varied formulation within PSYCHOLOGY and PSYCHOANALYSIS (see EGO-PSYCHOLOGY, OBJECT RELATIONS SCHOOL, LACAN).

The concept of self is particularly important to developmental and HUMANISTIC psychologists. Humanistic theorists (e.g. MASLOW, 1954) see the goal of the individual as SELF-ACTUALIZATION. (See also SOCIAL IDENTITY, PERSONALITY).

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in philosophy, the expression of the unity and identity of individual self-consciousness. The self is one of the basic structures of the individual personality as related to other individual personalities—for example, “you” or “we.” It is the central category in various systems of idealist philosophy, such as that of J. G. Fichte.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about yourself?

To encounter one’s self in a dream indicates that one has come face to face with issues and needs that can no longer be ignored.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.


A small, dynamically typed object-oriented language, based purely on prototypes and delegation. Self was developed by the Self Group at Sun Microsystems Laboratories, Inc. and Stanford University. It is an experimental exploratory programming language.

Release 2.0 introduces full source-level debugging of optimised code, adaptive optimisation to shorten compile pauses, lightweight threads within Self, support for dynamically linking foreign functions, changing programs within Self and the ability to run the experimental Self graphical browser under OpenWindows. Designed for expressive power and malleability, Self combines a pure, prototype-based object model with uniform access to state and behaviour. Unlike other languages, Self allows objects to inherit state and to change their patterns of inheritance dynamically. Self's customising compiler can generate very efficient code compared to other dynamically-typed object-oriented languages.

Version: 3.0 runs on Sun-3 (no optimiser) and Sun-4.

["Self: The Power of Simplicity", David Ungar <> et al, SIGPLAN Notices 22(12):227-242, OOPSLA '87, Dec 1987].
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (
References in periodicals archive ?
Shaikh Mohammed also said that the brave Armed Forces personnel work silently and selflessly "to protect every inch of this land, and that's why they deserve our deepest gratitude and most sincere thanks".
The awards are an annual event which recognise the achievements of local clubs, coaches and volunteers who work tirelessly and selflessly for the benefit of their organisation and the wider community.
I know there are many who selflessly choose not to have children, such as Wendy.
If at least part of his contributions and merits are not mentions, that were always selflessly given in his rich and fulfilled life, where he lived and worked, he should have at least been left to rest in peace and not have his name be mentioned in different and most impossible contexts, far from the common sense, the truth and what is most important, from the minimum of culture and manners," Kondev says.
"I congratulate President Karzai and all the delegates at the Bonn Conference for selflessly choosing to build a sustained future of peace, stability and prosperity for Afghanistan," Gen.
"Those with good character and those who are in a position to devote all their time selflessly to the anti-corruption movement would be included in the core team," Hazare said.
Keith Dunn OBE, chief executive for the charity, said: "These figures highlight the tremendous dedication of our members, selflessly helping the people of Wales.
This is done to help Kyrgyzstan selflessly," Prime Minister Almazbek Atambaev said.Almazbek Atambaev expressed gratitude to the Russian President and his administration for organization of this conference.Representatives of such megacities as Moscow and St.
At least there was some decency evident in the Sky sexism saga, with Richard Keys revealing that he had selflessly accepted a pounds 1million salary for talking about football so that "many people (could) drink from the well we dug".
They are there when people need them most and give their time so selflessly.
"A true Scottish and Glasgow great, as well as a Hollywood film star, he also works selflessly for charity, including Comic Relief."
This has been a particularly busy two years for these faithful members, for they have fulfilled all the normal duties of a commissioner, plus selflessly given huge amounts of their time and expertise to creating and writing all the projects, study guides, grading rubrics and grading suggestions for the new certification process.