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1. an individual's consciousness of his own identity or being
2. Philosophy that which is essential to an individual, esp the mind or soul in Cartesian metaphysics; the ego
3. a bird, animal. etc., that is a single colour throughout, esp a self-coloured pigeon


a mental construction of the person, by the person, but inevitably formed from social experience. Thus the person sees him/herself reflected by others, in their reactions, and these are interpreted through the lattice of self-perception. MEAD (1934) is particularly associated with this idea of the self as being a social construction; self cannot exist without society – the self is where knowledge resides, but the knowledge is about society, which surrounds it. Theorists such as Mead and COOLEY (see SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM, LOOKING-GLASS SELF) and some sociologists also emphasize the REFLEXIVITY and creativity possessed by social actors. This view of the self and self-identity contrasts sharply with conceptions of DECENTRED SELF recently to the fore within POSTSTRUCTURALISM (e.g. LACAN).

The 'self also receives varied formulation within PSYCHOLOGY and PSYCHOANALYSIS (see EGO-PSYCHOLOGY, OBJECT RELATIONS SCHOOL, LACAN).

The concept of self is particularly important to developmental and HUMANISTIC psychologists. Humanistic theorists (e.g. MASLOW, 1954) see the goal of the individual as SELF-ACTUALIZATION. (See also SOCIAL IDENTITY, PERSONALITY).



in philosophy, the expression of the unity and identity of individual self-consciousness. The self is one of the basic structures of the individual personality as related to other individual personalities—for example, “you” or “we.” It is the central category in various systems of idealist philosophy, such as that of J. G. Fichte.

What does it mean when you dream about yourself?

To encounter one’s self in a dream indicates that one has come face to face with issues and needs that can no longer be ignored.


A small, dynamically typed object-oriented language, based purely on prototypes and delegation. Self was developed by the Self Group at Sun Microsystems Laboratories, Inc. and Stanford University. It is an experimental exploratory programming language.

Release 2.0 introduces full source-level debugging of optimised code, adaptive optimisation to shorten compile pauses, lightweight threads within Self, support for dynamically linking foreign functions, changing programs within Self and the ability to run the experimental Self graphical browser under OpenWindows. Designed for expressive power and malleability, Self combines a pure, prototype-based object model with uniform access to state and behaviour. Unlike other languages, Self allows objects to inherit state and to change their patterns of inheritance dynamically. Self's customising compiler can generate very efficient code compared to other dynamically-typed object-oriented languages.

Version: 3.0 runs on Sun-3 (no optimiser) and Sun-4.

["Self: The Power of Simplicity", David Ungar <> et al, SIGPLAN Notices 22(12):227-242, OOPSLA '87, Dec 1987].
References in periodicals archive ?
Thanking everyone for their help in their time of need, Brezenoff said it was difficult to overstate the contributions of the thousands of people who worked so selflessly for a common goal including many of the people who were attending the luncheon.
We are appreciative of all the physician and nonphysician managers who selflessly took time out of their busy|schedules to participate in our study.
PHILADELPHIA -- Eleven people who selflessly donated a kidney to a stranger were presented with the National Kidney Registry's "American Hero's Award" May 2 at the organization's annual awards event held in Philadelphia at the Marriott Hotel.
The friend of Kevin, who did not want to be named, said: "They left the water because it was too rough but acted totally selflessly by rushing back into danger to help other people.
Today we are poorer for the passing of a brave man who could have become bitter and twisted but instead chose to selflessly crusade against injustice for the remainder of his life.
Expressing his deep sympathies with the members of bereaved families, the Governor paid rich tributes to the personnels of paramilitary security forces which, he added, are courageously and selflessly fulfilling their duties of ensuring secured life for the citizens.
The martyrdom of Imam Hussain (AS) is a supreme example of selflessly standing up for right and justice and personifies the essence of Islam, Khan stated and reiterated that it is incumbent on all Muslims to respect the sanctity of this Holy month.
Providing for those who have selflessly fought on this nation's behalf is a priority for any civilised country.
I am indebted to all those for giving to the appeal and these people who give up their time quite selflessly.
The Telegraph is once again looking for the unsung heroes of our region who selflessly give up their time to help others, often for very little in return.
Summary: ABU DHABI -- Terming the Federal National Council (FNC) elections on September 24, 2011, as a new democracy experiment in electing competent people and making their voice heard, His Highness Shaikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice-President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai, wished the UAE people and called upon the candidates to do their national duty to the people and the country selflessly should they win the polls.
The recipient of this prestigious award will have dedicated time and effort selflessly for others and John Lewis is proud to recognise their efforts.