addressed the liability of an Internet service provider against such a semantic attack.
Part III analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of possible defenses an ISP could utilize in the event it is charged with failure to protect against a semantic attack.
Nevertheless, given the monetary and reputation losses that ISPs suffer in the wake of a semantic attack, plaintiffs will have difficulty alleging that an ISP willfully intended to "deceive, manipulate, or defraud" (56) itself or its customers by allowing a hacker to invade its website.
On September 6, 2000, the Securities and Exchange Commission charged 33 companies and individuals with Internet fraud, many based on semantic attacks such as posting false information on message boards.
Against computers, semantic attacks become even more serious.