Sememe


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Sememe

 

a term formed by analogy to the terms “phoneme” and “morpheme” and designating a unit of the content plane that represents the sum of the components of the contents of the morpheme (the minimal unit of the expression plane). According to the nature of the meaning expressed in the morpheme, the generalized concept of the sememe is sometimes broken down into two concepts: the lexeme and the grammeme. The lexeme and the grammeme represent the sum of lexical and grammatical meanings, respectively. In another interpretation, the sememe is regarded as a paradigmatic unit having a corresponding seme in a syntagmatic series.

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(b) Sememe: It is the smallest meaning unit used to describe a sense.
Semantic definition: <#[sb.sub.x]# using language strongly makes [sb.sub.indef] experience (#)[sb.sub.x]'s mental phenomenon {thought}(#) concerning state> Zeugma in *She pronounced the sentence and her opinion proves that pronounce 1 and 2 are different, whereas we can construct a sentence which shows that examples of pronounce 1 belong in one sememe, such as: John Smith lived in a small town where he was the only doctor and the registrar, so that he pronounced people dead and married.
Les mots << monstre >>, << sa Majeste >>, << homme >>, << chair et os >> sont des sememes constituant l'isotopie / humain/ ; le Ca etant bien entendu le Mont Blanc pour qui le narrateur eprouve une grande admiration.
The bond between etyme and sememe is pushed to the power of a trope in its own right.
Apart from being figuratively analogous to rhyme, the linking of these three end words by what might be called a sememe of circularity enforces our sense of the line ending as an event or a locus of emphasis.
Any undergraduate using it must be prepared to meet without compromise not only technical terms more or less self-explanatory (spelling pronunciation, purism, generalization, and specialization of meaning) but also standard terms of linguistics, to comprehend the difference between graph, grapheme, and allograph (with graphology in the same chapter to puzzle him), to pick up what a lexeme is, what a sememe (neither is in the Index of Topics) and what a phonaestheme.
For morpheme, the semantic counterpart is called sememe. Noeme is the name of the meaning of a glosseme.
He suspects that the memory of that original sememe survives today in a vast array of words that designate ideas of destruction and decomposition.
Moreover, the meaning of any sign or sememe (meaning--bearing entity) comes to light only when there is an uptake.
Erhart's (1984: 116) definition of modality rests upon non-alignment of gramemes with a single sememe and advocates their making an integral constituent of the whole utterance.