, kamikaze and karoshi, Japan could hope that through a different perspective on the Japanese attitude toward work/duty, the next Japanese word to pop up in an English dictionary might be kodawari.
As Japan surrendered to the Allies, the founder of the Special Attack Units left a note of apology to the lost pilots and committed the ritual self-disembowelment known as seppuku
. As reparation to the kamikazes and their families, he elected not to have an assistant behead him afterward, as was customary.
Matt wonders if committing seppuku
would absolve him of that last comment.
Since the POWs had either surrendered--an irredeemably dishonorable act--or allowed themselves to be captured, yet did not commit seppuku
, it was the duty of honorable men to punish them.
Japanese overlord Shogun sentences benign ruler Lord Asano to commit suicide, seppuku
, allowing Lord Kira to snatch both Asano's territory and his daughter Mika.
The most damaging came in 1663 when the practice of junshi, a form of seppuku
(ritual self-disembowelment) performed by samurai upon the death of their lord, was outlawed.
- ritual suicide - was part of the Samurai code, and Kamikaze pilots were seen as the bravest of the brave.
Even if Japan is a country with specific types of suicidal risk (seppuku
, kamikaze), the rate of suicide is lower than in many European countries.
Of special interest is a section on cultural scripts for suicide: Russian roulette and duels, death by seppuku
, self-immolation as protest, victim-precipitated homicide, sati, suicide by police, and suicide as liberation of the soul.