ulmacea is a septicidal
capsule and additionally septifragal, like in Cardiospermum.
Dehiscence is septicidal
. Seeds occur in two longitudinal rows per carpel and are about 1.3 to 2 mm long and 0.8 to 1.2 nun wide; they are ovoid to oblong and have a glossy testa covered by small polygonal cells (Mai, 1985, 2000a; Pingen, 1996; Mai & Palamarev 1997; Ferguson et al., 1998; Gumbel & Mai, 2004).
Pachyspermum quinqueloculare Reid & Chandler (1933) from the early Eocene beds at Sheppey, England is based on a single 2.6 cm long, five-locular fruit that is possibly capsular with septicidal
In contrast, Baxteria has explosively ballistochorous fruits derived from capsules with both loculicidal and septicidal
Ericoideae are supported by characters #45 (corolla erect more or less horizontal), #69 (presence of viscin threads associated with the pollen), and #79 (fruit a septicidal
The various fruit types include loculicidal and septicidal
capsules, berries, and drupes.