The gall bladder of Qinghai Lizard has mucosa, muscular layer and serosa
. The serosa
is the thinnest layer and with high columnar epithelium arranged tightly with cilia on top and at basilar part of epithelium is very thin basement membrane.
Caption: FIGURE 4 Severe endometriosis of the bladder serosa
causing adhesions to the anterior uterus
The ventricular lumen, subjacent glands, muscularis, serosa
, and associated abdominal air sacs were expanded by multifocal to coalescing granulomas, which contained a solid mat of filamentous, branching, parallel-walled, dichotomous hyphae that were 3 to 6 pm wide and regularly septated within an amorphous eosinophilic necrotic matrix (Fig 2F).
The fallopian tubes of the control group A showed normal histological features, a well defined tubal wall consisted of three layers: the internal mucous membrane, the middle muscular layer (myosalpinx) and the external serosa
. The cells forming the external serosal layer were flat with centrally located nuclei giving the appearance of simple squamous cells.
Peng, "Carcinoembryonic antigen level is related to tumor invasion into the serosa
of the stomach: study on 166 cases and suggestion for new therapy," Hepato-Gastroenterology, vol.
Cross-sections of the uterus demonstrated placental infiltration directly under the serosa
, with a variegated appearance of the clotted blood admixed with infarcted tissue.
Caption: Figure 4: (a) Histologic findings of ectopic hepatocellular adenoma attached to the gallbladder serosa
Serosal abrasions need not be repaired; however, small tears of the serosa
and muscularis can be managed with a single layer of interrupted 3-0 absorbable or permanent silk suture on a tapered needle.
The stomach consists of the mucosa, submucosa muscularis (muscularis externa), and serosa
. The mucosa is composed of the epithelium, lamina propria, and muscularis mucosa.
A necropsied steer showed subcutaneous edema around the penis and edema in the serosa
of the bladder near the middle ligament.