serotype


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Related to serotype: dengue fever, dengue virus

serotype

[′sir·ə‚tīp]
(microbiology)
A serological type of intimately related microorganisms, distinguished on the basis of antigenic composition.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vaccine serotype (VT)-dependent invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD) have been reduced significantly in immunised children and in non-vaccinated populations in countries where pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) has been introduced into the national immunisation program (NIP).
The objectives were to determine whether the use of PCV10 caused a shift in the pnemococcal serotype distribution and serotype relationship to antibiotic-resistance patterns in order to evaluate the impact of the vaccine in our country where mass vaccination of infants has been implemented.
Moreover serotype-2 was the main causative serotype of the 2013 outbreak of dengue fever.
After introduction of the 13-valent conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in 2010, 35B became the most common serotype in ABCs, associated with MICs [greater than or equal to] 2 [micro]g/mL for penicillin and amoxicillin in pediatric isolates (6) and in the adult population (B.
However, low serum neutralization titres were observed against serotype A field isolates suggesting that serotype A strains present in both vaccines need to bebetter matchedwith field strains for effective protection.
Although vaccines are being developed to fight dengue virus, none are currently available that provide balanced protection against all four dengue viral strains or serotypes.
The traditional Kauffmann-White (KW) serotype classification technique is expensive.
Multiple-serotype outbreaks of Salmonella have been reported in prisons previously (3); however, the number of serotypes in these outbreaks surpasses all previous reports.
Surprisingly enough, recent Cholera outbreak in post Phailin (super cyclone) West Bengal was caused by Vibrio cholerae classical biover Ogawa serotype affecting 803 people in Dumdum region (North 24 Paragana, suburban regions adjacent to Kolkata).
Molecular typing studies of serotype 1 (mostly the penicillin-susceptible type) have shown low genetic diversity among the isolates, which has been associated with the short duration of its nasopharyngeal colonization and its propensity to cause an invasive infection (15).
Unfortunately, we had no specimens for dengue serotype examination from the year 2005, 2006, and 2009.
In the present study, we tried to identify the between-year non-epidemic serotype of dengue virus circulating in Delhi in the year 2010-11.