sewage farm

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Wikipedia.

sewage farm

a place where sewage is treated, esp for use as manure

Sewage Farm


a plot of land used for the natural biological decontamination of sewage liquids and for raising agricultural crops. In the USSR a distinction is made between municipal and agricultural farms. The former are established on land managed by municipal agencies. They basically perform a sanitary function and differ little in layout from leach fields. Agricultural sewage farms are set up on kolkhozes and sovkhozes for raising crops that use the nutrients contained in sewage liquids. Some are used only in the summer, and others operate year-round.

Sewage liquids were used in agriculture in ancient Rome, Athens, and Babylon. Sewage farms were established in Bun-zlau, Germany in 1559, in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1709, and in Paris in 1868. In Russia they appeared in Odessa in 1887, in Kiev in 1895, and in Moscow in 1898. Irrigation with sewage liquids has existed in the USSR since 1922. In 1931 the Liubertsy Sov-khoz Sewage Farm was established near Moscow. Sewage irrigation is used near Kiev (Bortnicheskie), in Liubertsy Raion of Moscow Oblast, and in Kustanai Oblast (in the city of Rudnyi). In 1973, more than 60,000 hectares (ha) were irrigated with sewage liquids in the USSR. Irrigation of agricultural crops with sewage liquids is common in many countries.

Sewage farms are used primarily for raising forage crops, including silage corn, root feeds (yields reaching 1,000 quintals per ha), and perennial herbs. Fields are established on various types of soil, but light sandy and sandy loam soils are recommended. The irrigation network consists of pipes, settling ponds, a pumping station, regulatory reservoirs and canals, and a watering network. Daily load norms, which depend on the crop’s requirements for moisture and nutrients, are 15–20 cu m/ha on light soils and 5–7 cu m/ha on heavy soils.

Irrigation norms and watering norms on sewage farms are determined by the moisture requirements of the crop. The principal watering method is gravity flow in furrows or strips; in the winter flooding is used. Liquid manure received at livestock farms by hydraulic flushing is also used on sewage farms. The layout of sewage farms is closely tied to the design and construction of plumbing systems. This makes it possible to find comprehensive solutions to the organization of services in cities and populated rural regions.


Orlov, V. P. Zemledel’cheskie polia orosheniia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Ispol’zovanie stochnykh vod v oroshenii. Moscow, 1964.
Shul’ts, M. Kruglogodovoe oroshenie stochnymi vodami. Moscow, 1965.
L’vovich, A. I. Praktika proektirovaniia zemledel’cheskikh polei orosheniia. Moscow, 1968.


sewage farm

[′sü·ij ‚färm]
A farm in which sewage is used for irrigation and fertilizer.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for Providing and applying bio-culture to the incoming 170 TPD Solid waste at sewage farm, Vidyaranyapuram for controlling odour, including cost of labour, vehicles etc.
And should you ever wade through one of the cyber-age sewage farms that they call internet messageboards, you will understand why Redknapp couldn't give a tinker's cuss about the opinions of fans.
Though every effort is made to disguise them, our corner of West Yorkshire is dotted with landfill sites, waste disposal facilities and sewage farms.
If you're a bargain hunter, they almost give the stuff away at sewage farms.
It was London's seaside but, by the early to mid-twentieth century being at the city's eastern extremity, the prevailing winds brought pollution, and it became host to sewage farms, waste disposal sites and power stations.
Victorian attempts at using sewage directly as a fertiliser were seldom successful, although many towns persisted with sewage farms throughout the nineteenth century, often in conjunction with other methods.
British Gas is also behind a plant in Didcot, Oxon, that produces biomethane from human waste collected at sewage farms.
Instead, we wander through the dreary hour by hour mini-incidents of their companions on the trip, these include the government tour guide, Angel and the chauffeur along with an oversized (in terms of personality) American journalist who has also come along to see the new towns and sewage farms which are offered as an itinerary.
They are often seen in town parks, and feed freely in marshes, sewage farms and meadows.
Canals, riversides, sewage farms and playing fields are favoured locations.
SCIENTISTS at Warwick University have come up with a process that turns wet waste from sewage farms and paper mills into a source of power.