sex discrimination


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sex discrimination

the practice whereby one sex is given preferential treatment over the other sex. In most societies this is observed as discrimination favouring men as against women.

In those societies characterized by patriarchal relations (see PATRIARCHY), women are systematically and routinely discriminated against in all areas of social life, that is, in both the PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SPHERES of social activity. Sexual discrimination is therefore institutionalized, and in this sense can be compared with racial discrimination. Sexist ideologies and discourses serve to reinforce such practices, thereby granting them legitimation and normalizing them. Importantly, sexual discrimination can be both implicit and explicit, overt and covert. Thus legislation designed to control discriminatory practices on the basis of sex differences, tends to be of limited effect, for example, the Sex Discrimination Act of 1975. Women in patriarchal societies are discriminated against in areas such as employment, political and religious office, housing and major areas of social policy, in relation to property and in both civil and criminal law. Women's position in the class structure, and other major social divisions such as age and race, may either reinforce or weaken the impact of sex discrimination. See also DUAL LABOUR MARKET, SEXUAL DIVISION OF LABOUR.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sex discrimination can be direct, indirect, harassment or victimisation.
Supreme Court's finding that Title VII's ban on sex discrimination includes adverse treatment of workers based on "sex stereotypes," i.
For Cody to win the lawsuit, she will have to prove that Wal-Mart's policy of not allowing employees to sign up their same-sex partners for health insurance benefits was sex discrimination within the meaning of Title VII, said Adam P.
NCLR Senior Staff Attorney Amy Whelan stated: "We applaud the EEOC for clarifying that transgender employees suffer sex discrimination when they are relegated to separate bathroom facilities and harassed by other employees because of their gender identity.
The American Civil Liberties Union, among others, fears that Measure 89, by adding specific protection against sex discrimination, could weaken the protection for other groups that are not explicitly guaranteed equal rights.
I argue that sex discrimination law needs to recalibrate its vision of equality.
Given that previous research has linked early childhood health to later outcomes, sex discrimination in prenatal care might also have long-term effects.
But she said Mr Hedges had not provided much information about his sex discrimination allegations and reminded him that working with a lot of women did not make a sex discrimination situation.
Mr Tomlinson alleged he had been a victim of 'entrenched and systemic age and sex discrimination within secondary education' and that the teaching profession 'was actually a profession for young women'.
Ms Bobrowska is bringing a tribunal claim that she was unfairly dismissed and that she suffered sex discrimination.
Hartford, a 2000 9th Circuit decision finding a male-to-female transgender plaintiff who was singled out for harassment had stated an actionable claim for sex discrimination under the Gender Motivated Violence Act because "the perpetrator's actions stem from the fact that he believed that the victim was a man who 'failed to act like one.
A FORMER Sefton council legal director who is now claiming unfair dismissal and sex discrimination was treated "extremely favourably", the chief executive insisted.