sgraffito


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sgraffito:

see graffitograffito
. 1 Method of ornamenting architectural plaster surfaces. The designs are produced by scratching a topcoat of plaster to reveal an undercoat of contrasting and deeper color.
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Sgraffito

Decoration produced by covering a surface, such as plaster or enamel, of one color with a thin coat of a similar material of another color and scratching through the outer coat to show the color beneath.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sgraffito

 

a type of decorative mural painting produced by scratching the fine surface layer of plaster until the underlying plaster, which is a different color than the upper, is revealed. In ancient times the sgraffito effect was used in archaic Greek and Etruscan vases. From the 15th to 17th centuries sgraffito was popular in Italian wall decoration. It was mostly used to embellish facades, owing to the durability of the technique. Sgraffiti subsequently spread from Italy to other countries, including Germany and Bohemia. Sgraffito is widely used in 20th-century mural painting.

REFERENCE

Krestov, M. A. Shtukalurka sgraffito. Moscow, 1938.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

sgraffito

A type of decoration executed by covering a surface, as of plaster or enamel, of one color, with a thin coat of a similar material of another color, and then scratching or scoring through the outer coat to show the color beneath.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The artist shed much light on the work's thematic message, the heavy presence of colour, and signs of graphic technique imported from sgraffito, etching and silkscreen.
As the paint or ink is removed, the wax colors you used for your pattern will glow through the lines of your sgraffito drawing.
Sgraffito murals of the Book of Revelation 1964 Adam Kossowski, St Benet's Chaplaincy, Queen Mary's University, east London
Exploring the biggest ancient castle (according to Guinness World Records) was a splendid, surreal all-day affair that started in the surrounding Hradcany Square, The mesmerizing exterior of the Schwarzenberg Palace, also situated on the square, is a masterpiece of sgraffito painting.
At Studio Ceramics there are two workshops - Play with clay: Pandora's Box with artist Manuella Mavromichalis and Painting on Bisque: Sgraffito with Cynthia Ikponmwonba.
The street front of the Women's Athletic Club was decorated with a sgraffito technique, using brown, buff, blue, and green plasters to set off the neutral concrete surface.
Jackson's manual training began in the Infant classes with cardboard sloyd--based on objects and geometric figures; modelling--clay, putty, plaster of paris, sgraffito work; picture framing--leather, paper, wood, cork, cones etc.; book binding; brushmaking; rope-making; string manipulation -netting and hammocks; and plaiting--straw, cane, basket-making, rush weaving, whip-plaiting.
Sgraffito orb vase from Jonathan Adler (see above).
Many students chose to apply thick impasto layers then use a sgraffito technique to draw into the wet paint, revealing the colors below.
"We create traditional styles from a local red Pennsylvania clay, decorating it in traditional methods that are called slipware [redware objects coated with liquid clays of contrasting colors] and sgraffito, which means scratch decoration," explains Foltz.
The decorative media include painting, sculpturai relief, and most commonly sgraffito, an originally Italian technique by which linear designs were scratched through layers of colored plaster.
The earliest specimen dates from this period--a barber basin inscribed "Putz und Balwir mich heibsh und fein das ich gefal der liebste mein [Clean and shave me nicely and fine so that I'll please my loved one!." Later Pennsylvania Dutch sgraffito, pottery in which a design is etched through the surface coating to show the layer beneath, and slipware bore short verses like the following: