Shame

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shame

 

the feeling experienced by a person when he has committed an immoral act or one demeaning to human dignity. The kinds of action that evoke a feeling of shame are determined by social and historical conditions and by evolving ethical norms. Shame is experienced as painful anxiety, dissatisfaction with one’s self, censure of one’s own behavior, and regret over one’s action. A person may feel ashamed over unworthy behavior on the part of others, especially of persons one is close to. Shame is also experienced when one recalls a humiliating act committed in the past. The feeling of shame may be accompanied by discernible somatic symptoms, such as blushing or a lowering of the eyes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
By calling attention to the ill actions and culpability of those who shamed him, he might expose their overzealous cruelty and hence the shamefulness inherent in their own beings.
The biggest shamefulness in this is that in many instances (stage 3b non-small cell lung carcinoma being one), the lesions are deemed hopeless, yet the treatment offered robs quality of life from the victims while adding millions to the hospital bill.
In an era dominated by notions of women's natural innocence and modesty, and of the shamefulness of female sexuality, this open declaration of desire represents a radical revolt against concepts of femininity that Wollstonecraft believed were responsible for a great deal of female suffering.
The multi-million dollar, premeditated campaign of government to first deny the abuses of those schools, and then refuse justice to the victims, has the potential to exceed the shamefulness of the earlier era.
Lambasted by conservative critics for the supposed "immaturity" of these stories, he went on to write Ferdydurke, which depicts the identity crisis of an author who, lambasted for the "immaturity" of his first book, is abducted by his old schoolmaster and whisked away to the classroom, where he must relive all the shamefulness of adolescence.
See, e.g., Deborah Mathis, The New Shamefulness of Shameless Persons, NEWSDAY (N.Y.), June 20, 2003, at A38.
(9) The three time units are carefully chosen to match the thematic core of the poem-series: xin invites an association with laborious work, chou with ugliness and shamefulness and tu with farming land.
People find it difficult to approach - they don't know what to say - there is a feeling of stigma and shamefulness.'
He was not merely exposing his feet to others to be washed, he was baring his whole body in all of its shamefulness so that all of us might be washed.
frequently [we project] our own emotions outward, onto vulnerable people and groups who come to embody a shamefulness and a disgustingness that we then conveniently deny in ourselves.").
From the Red corner,howls of anguish at the shamefulness of finishing fifth.