shawm


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shawm

(shôm), double-reed woodwind instrument used in Europe from the 13th through the 17th cent. The term denotes a family of instruments of different sizes. The shape and tone of the soprano shawm are comparable to those of the oboeoboe
[Ital., from Fr. hautbois] or hautboy
, woodwind instrument of conical bore, its mouthpiece having a double reed. The instruments possessing these general characteristics may be referred to as the oboe family, which includes the English horn, the bassoon,
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, of which it is a precursor. The shawm was constructed from a single piece of wood that was conically bored. Shawm-type instruments exist in many parts of the world, some of them with cognate names, such as the Turkish zurna.
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References in periodicals archive ?
(22) Twice he delights the masters with the soft melodic sounds of his shawm, a pastoral instrument apt for expressing his otherwise awkward ideals.
The band plays a wide range of instruments from hurdy-gurdy, which is Quentin's province, plus Hammer dulcimer (Amanda's territory), vocals, cittern, bag-pipes, shawm, kit drums, bass, percussion and didjeridu.
Italian folk instruments include mandolin; (9) ocarina; ciaramella (or cennamella), a shawm traditionally played by shepherds; frischialetto, a wooden or cane whistle; and putipu, a friction drum, popular in Neapolitan folk music.
The first part was only instrumental, with the musicians playing the 'rebaba' (fiddle) 'ney' (flute) 'sagat' (cymbals) frame drums (tambourines); 'tabla' and 'mizmar' (single or double reed wind instrument - in Egypt, the conical shawm).
The group blends medieval melodies and instrumentation with modern and international flavors using a variety of authentic medieval instruments, including rauschpfiefes, shawm, hurdy-gurdy, bagpipe and hand-drums.
In addition to the group frame-drum and vocal genres, there are secular ensembles that minimally comprise a shawm, a pair of double-headed drums, a set of rapa'i geurimpheng, and a small, loud, high-pitched dap.
It becomes clear that the traveling blind bards and shawm bands are not just entertainment but an integral part of life-cycle and seasonal rituals.
Carolina receiver Steve Smith is still rated questionable to play in the Panthers' opener against Atlanta tomorrow due to a hamstring injury, while Washington running back Clinton Portis (shoulder) and cornerback Shawm Springs (abdomen) look likely to miss the Redskins' game against Minnesota on Monday.
Papers on winds concern metamorphosis of hautbois (oboe) from shawm, by Bruce Haynes and by Marc Ecochard; development of the fagott (bassoon), by Graham Lyndon-Jones; cultural meanings of recorders in iconography, by Anthony Rowland-Jones; uses of Renaissance-type flutes, by Nancy Hadden; uses of Baroque-type flutes at Dresden, by Mary Oleskiewicz; and characteristics of woodwinds by Richard Haka (1645/6-1705), by Jan Bouterse.
The work of Anne Allen, who expertly demonstrated the medieval and the Renaissance shawm, started the whole event.
Cables, synthesizers, microphones, monitors, and umpteen technicians competed for attention with live musicians, like the two demure shawm players, an invisible violinist, and the flute player whose strains resulted in astral-like explosions on a supersized adjacent video screen.
497, for the fact that this combining of the shawm with the bass drum may go back as far as the second half of fourteenth century, when the Ottoman Turks annexed Thrace.