shawm


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

shawm

(shôm), double-reed woodwind instrument used in Europe from the 13th through the 17th cent. The term denotes a family of instruments of different sizes. The shape and tone of the soprano shawm are comparable to those of the oboeoboe
[Ital., from Fr. hautbois] or hautboy
, woodwind instrument of conical bore, its mouthpiece having a double reed. The instruments possessing these general characteristics may be referred to as the oboe family, which includes the English horn, the bassoon,
..... Click the link for more information.
, of which it is a precursor. The shawm was constructed from a single piece of wood that was conically bored. Shawm-type instruments exist in many parts of the world, some of them with cognate names, such as the Turkish zurna.
References in periodicals archive ?
Conversely, when Dioneo asks the idealist Tindaro to play his shawm after her song, the utter bitterness of Elissa's despair and the brigata's concern about the message of the ballata seem to be counterbalanced, if not brought back to harmony, by an elegiac music without words.
In addition, medium-sized frame drums form part of instrumental ensembles that minimally comprise a shawm and a pair of double-headed drums.
It becomes clear that the traveling blind bards and shawm bands are not just entertainment but an integral part of life-cycle and seasonal rituals.
10) The hsaing music sounds exhilarating and vigorous, and its most common ensemble, hsaing-waing (or simply hsaing), features the shrill voice of the shawm and the virtuosity of various drum-sets and gong-sets (see Illustration 1 below).
Carolina receiver Steve Smith is still rated questionable to play in the Panthers' opener against Atlanta tomorrow due to a hamstring injury, while Washington running back Clinton Portis (shoulder) and cornerback Shawm Springs (abdomen) look likely to miss the Redskins' game against Minnesota on Monday.
Papers on winds concern metamorphosis of hautbois (oboe) from shawm, by Bruce Haynes and by Marc Ecochard; development of the fagott (bassoon), by Graham Lyndon-Jones; cultural meanings of recorders in iconography, by Anthony Rowland-Jones; uses of Renaissance-type flutes, by Nancy Hadden; uses of Baroque-type flutes at Dresden, by Mary Oleskiewicz; and characteristics of woodwinds by Richard Haka (1645/6-1705), by Jan Bouterse.
The work of Anne Allen, who expertly demonstrated the medieval and the Renaissance shawm, started the whole event.
Cables, synthesizers, microphones, monitors, and umpteen technicians competed for attention with live musicians, like the two demure shawm players, an invisible violinist, and the flute player whose strains resulted in astral-like explosions on a supersized adjacent video screen.
497, for the fact that this combining of the shawm with the bass drum may go back as far as the second half of fourteenth century, when the Ottoman Turks annexed Thrace.
Barret (1895) quoted an early reference to a Skimmington in London as "1562, Shrove Monday, at Charing Cross was a man carried of four men, and before him a bagpipe playing, a shawm, and a drum beating, and twenty links burning about him.
The instruments utilized, usefully illustrated in the booklet, include the shawm family, the recorder consort, the crumhorn consort, dulcian, sackbut, slide trumpet, bagpipes, hurdy-gurdy, lutes, guitar, harp, drums, and tabor.
He has been sometimes inconsistent with his drop and contact with the ball,'' USC special-teams coach Shawm Slocum said.