shawm

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shawm

(shôm), double-reed woodwind instrument used in Europe from the 13th through the 17th cent. The term denotes a family of instruments of different sizes. The shape and tone of the soprano shawm are comparable to those of the oboeoboe
[Ital., from Fr. hautbois] or hautboy
, woodwind instrument of conical bore, its mouthpiece having a double reed. The instruments possessing these general characteristics may be referred to as the oboe family, which includes the English horn, the bassoon,
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, of which it is a precursor. The shawm was constructed from a single piece of wood that was conically bored. Shawm-type instruments exist in many parts of the world, some of them with cognate names, such as the Turkish zurna.
References in periodicals archive ?
Like their predecessors they play upon a noyse of shawms, ancestors of the oboebassoon family, and characteristic instruments of waits before 1600.
Illustrated with color photos and diagrams, "Wind Instruments" presents information on such instruments as pan pies, ancient reeds, Chinese flutes, shawms, and bagpipes as well as more familiar western wind instruments including the saxophone, flute, clarinet, oboe and bassoon.
The festival commences with a ceremony where forty bands play the davul drums and zurna shawms, after which the belt is carried through the city in a procession, followed by prayers in the Selimiye Mosque.
The musicians are Gesine Banfer and Ian Harrison on shawms, bombards and bagpipes, Marie Garner-Marzullo on slide trumpet, and Christian Braun on slide trumpet and sackbut.
Carpaccio, perhaps in acknowledgment of Turkish custom, shows the shawms accompanied by a cylindrical bass drum of the kind from which they are practically inseparable in Turkey today, and also correctly represents at least two musicians playing shawms within the depicted musical ensembles (one musician was needed to sustain the drone while at least one other played the tune).
They have even successfully stormed the walls of York, centre of the early music business, although the old city is more into shawms and lutes.
Together the groups processed in 'solennen Zug' accompanied by the music of shawms to a hall where the Schafer-Haus had been erected (Schafer-Freude, p.
Let us just take a closer look at Pickett's instrumentarium: shawms and sackbuts are there, as are trumpets, cornetts, the recorder and the bass dulcian, all of which might just be plausible in the wind-band context, but the question whether they would have doubled the voices remains to be resolved.
Long before the days of the early military bands with shawms, serpents, hautboys, and other archaic instruments, troops marched into battle singing.
Although actual crusader songs, such as Marcabru's `Pax in Nomine Domini' (1137) or Guiot de Dijon's `Chanterai Por Mon Corage' (1189) show no particular oriental influence, it seems indeed plausible that such instruments as shawms, nakers and lutes were brought back to the West by returning crusaders (though Spain and Sicily provided alternative channels of transmission).
He has planned his reconstruction around basically three groups of instruments: a loud music ensemble of cornetts or shawms and sackbuts, a five-part violin group (both fine), supplemented - or sometimes replaced - by lute, cittern, bandora, harp, flute, recorder and viols.
With regard to ensembles, the standard was, not surprisingly, the alta band of shawms and trombones or slide trumpets, resident in most cities and courts of late medieval Germany, and about which Polk has written previously.