This is important as cracks tend to grow specific planes, usually on or near the maximum tensile plane or the maximum shear plane
One shear plane
cross-cutting the foliation caused the failure of the specimen with sub-horizontal foliation.
Since there was no shear plane
in the intact samples therefore shear planes
were produced in the samples using geological hammer.
Visual examination of some of the samples after the test indicated that these samples showed no distinct shear plane
unlike brittle materials.
Cracks start on the localized shear plane
at or near high stress concentrations, such as persistent slip bands, inclusions, porosity, or discontinuities.
The testing process of the dense sands by triaxial apparatus leads to the formation of a shear plane
The mechanical parameters tested by different apparatuses all have differences attributing to the differences of characteristics of shear plane
and stress conditions.
The tension developed in roots is resolved with a tangential component resisting shear and a normal component increasing the confining pressure on the shear plane
5a) is highest at the shear plane
and decreases along the chip--tool interface and least below the uncut surface and the free end of chip.
Under these conditions shear plane
angle becomes very small leading to greater plastic energy dissipations in the workpiece subsurface.
The J-C and Z-A stress contours for a cutting speed of 82 m/min shows better stress distribution in the shear plane
than the contours for a cutting speed of 34 m/min.
The zeta potential is an electrical potential at the shear plane
of the electric double layer on colloid particles.