Shelter


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Shelter

 

(cover), a manmade structure or natural terrain feature, such as a mine, hillside, canyon, ravine, forest, or cave, used to protect military personnel and equipment from enemy fire and bad weather or to provide concealment. Shelters include pits, trenches, dugouts, equipment emplacements, various types of underground structures, and local residential, industrial, and administrative buildings. Cut-and-cover shelters consisting of a pit, one or two ramps for entry and exit, and breastworks are used to conceal combat equipment and vehicles.


Shelter

 

a specially constructed or equipped structure for the protection of military personnel and civilians from artillery shells, bombs, shock waves from atomic explosions, and toxic and radioactive substances. Shelters are classified as light, reinforced, or heavy, depending on the degree of protection afforded, and as small, medium-size, or large, depending on the capacity. Shelters were first used during World War I. Experience gained at that time was later widely used in building bomb shelters and gas shelters before World War II. Such shelters were built in the basements of residences and public buildings in all the major cities of Europe; they were also specially erected in a system of defensive positions during the construction of fortified areas and lines. During World War II, various types of shelter were used in combat to protect soldiers, staff, and medical facilities from artillery shells and bombs; in cities and smaller population centers, they were used to protect civilians.

References in classic literature ?
The lion was scarce thirty paces from them, and they were equally as far from the shelter. The man was armed with a stout stick--as efficacious against a hungry lion, he realized, as a toy pop-gun charged with a tethered cork.
Run for the shelter!" But her paralyzed muscles refused to respond, and she stood mute and rigid, staring with ghastly countenance at the living death creeping toward them.
The warped things advanced and entered the shelter. They laid hands upon Tarzan and bore him forth, and as they chanted they kept time with their crooked bodies, swaying to and fro to the rhythm of their song of blood and death.
whose is the house in which we are sheltered; and how is it that no member of the family appears to welcome us?
The house that shelters us belongs to a gentleman of ancient Northern lineage, whose name is Dunross.
Suddenly the man hastened from the shelter only to return a few minutes later with several pieces of bark and--wonder of wonders--a lead pencil.
As the attacks of our enemies ceased and our eyes became accustomed to the semi-darkness of the interior of our strange retreat, I took the opportunity to explore our shelter.
If we could but reach it we might still hope to make the shelter of the cliff caves.
"Excuse me my Sophia for having thus unwillingly offended you--" replied I--and then changing the conversation, desired her to admire the noble Grandeur of the Elms which sheltered us from the Eastern Zephyr.
The rain descended in such torrents that our poor shelter proved a mere mockery.
During the hour or two spent under the shelter of these bushes, I began to feel symptoms which I at once attributed to the exposure of the preceding night.
For many years they lived peacefully and happily in this sheltered place, never leaving it except to hunt the wild animals, which served them both for food and clothes.