Medium height (< 50 cm tall) Shepherdia
canadensis, Rosa aciczi-laris, and Calamagrostis purpurascens form the under-story vegetation, with a scattered cover of 2-5 m tall Salix (Strong, 2009).
Shepherdia canadensis, Vaccinium uliginosum, and Viburnum edule are found in the understory, sometimes as decadent stems, but are most common in forest gaps.
These peaks are followed by sequential peaks in the shrubs Salix and Shepherdia canadensis, the deciduous trees Populus, Alnus, and Betula, and then the coniferous trees Larix, Pinus, Picea cf.
Orchidaceae); Senecio lugens Richardson (Asteraceae); and Shepherdia
We isolated condensed tannins from mature foliage of 12 species (six species of Salix, two of Populus, and three of Betula), and from winter-dormant twigs of three other plant species (Coleogyne ramosissima, Shepherdia
canadensis, and Vaccinium vitis-idaea; Table 1).
Shepherdia Canadensis), and sweet gale (Myrica gale).
rubra, Shepherdia soapberry canadensis Evergreen shrubs: Labrador tea Ledum decumbens, Andromeda 66 and Andromeda polifolia Crowberry and Empetrum nigrum, Vaccinium 53 lingonberry vitis-idaea Dryas and Dryas integrifolia, Silene acaulis 140 Silene Cassiope Cassiope tetragona 50
It includes remains of several shrubs, graminoids, and forbs, including first occurrences of Najas flexilis, Hippuris vulgaris, and Shepherdia
Castilleja miniata, Anemone multifida) with sparse tree cover (mostly lodgepole pine, Pinus contorta) and interspersed shrubs (buffalo-berry, Shepherdia
canadensis; wild rose, Rosa acicularis; shrubby cinquefoil, Potentilla fruticosa, and juniper, Juniperus communis and J.
The presence of Shepherdia
canadensis and Vaccinium vitisidaea in 1997 indicated progressive reestablishment of ground vegetation characteristic of the surrounding forest.
A commonly associated species was Shepherdia
Shrub willow (Salix glauca), dwarf birch (Betula glandulosa), and, to a lesser extent, Shepherdia
canadensis are important constituents of the regional vegetation, while alder (Alnus spp.