shift work


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shift work

[′shift ‚wərk]
(industrial engineering)
Work paid for by day wage.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

shift work

the organization of work into relays. Most common, within the UK, is the double day-shift, but three and four continuous 24-hour shift working is carried out in about a quarter of all work places (Millward and Stevens, 1986). The main reasons for shift working are to maximize the utilization of plant and equipment and thereby reduce costs, and to meet production targets and deadlines. It is also the case that certain industrial processes are, by their nature, continuous. This is particularly so with the continuous process technology associated with the petrochemical industry Workers’ experience of shift work is that it is generally disruptive to their family and social life and deleterious to their health and physical wellbeing (Gallie, 1978). Shift work is also commonly found among professional and technical workers associated with human services, notably in health care, but also covering commercial activities such as air transport. Here the pattern of recruitment and promotion (i.e. ANTICIPATORY SOCIALIZATION) may alter the workers’ perceptions of the disruptions that shift work causes to their lives.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
"Recognition needs to take place so that we can screen appropriately and make scheduling modifications to help alleviate the burden of shift work disorder among nurses," Christian added.
Tolerability and efficacy of armodafinil in naive patients with excessive sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea, shift work disorder, or narcolepsy: a 12-month, open-label, flexible-dose study with an extension period.
A systematic review (6) compared 8-, 12-hour and longer shifts, showed that long working hours, shift work and night shift work increase the risk of accidents.
As the night shift work is associated with irregular eating habits and thus nocturnal eating might lead to increase in TSH levels.
Additionally in a review conducted in 2010, it was shown that being overweight and obese was more prevalent in shift workers than day workers, also shift work was associated with BMI independent of age or time in shift work and a longer exposure predicts a higher BMI (14).
(17) A study of more than 27 000 participants from the Vasterbotten intervention program in the north of Sweden, found a significant association between night shift work and MetS.
While overall long-term night shift work increased the risk of cancer by 19 percent, the risk of certain cancers were even higher.
The rate of shift work can exceed 15% of the workforce in many countries of North America, continental Europe, and Australia [2], and the trend is increasing.
Long hours, stress and shift work make healthy lifestyles hard to achieve, the Royal College of Nursing said.
SHIFT work has always been a part of working life, but in recent years, there has been more emphasis on its effects on those who work shifts as we are perceived to be moving towards a 24-hour society.
ALTERING the time you eat your meals could help overcome the negative effects of jet lag and shift work, say researchers.
Shift work and work- related stress symptoms in health care workers in a tertiary hospital in Medellin, Colombia: A cross-sectional study