The three bio-inspired strategies that we will utilize are:(i) to control the short-range order
of amorphous materials, making it possible to predetermine the polymorph obtained when they transform from the amorphous to the succeeding crystalline phase;(ii) to control the morphology of single crystals of various functional materials so that they can have intricate and curved surfaces and yet maintain their single-crystal nature;(iii) to entrap organic molecules into single crystals of functional materials so as to tailor and manipulate their electronic structure.
As the system crosses from the insulating into the metallic phase, one-dimensional (ID) states (localized on a single chain) evolve into 3D state, which are delocalized over several chains with short-range order
and form a disorder metal (9), (10).
Chapters cover making computer crystals, simulating experimental data, correlations and creating short-range order
, creating modulations, creating structures with stacking faults, creating domain structures, creating nanoparticles, analyzing disordered structures, and refining disordered structures.
Simulating the coupling of chemical short-range order to polar short-range order, dielectric properties, and phase transition behavior in perovskites (B.
NMR provides information on structural short-range order and can directly probe the distribution of both framework elements and acid sites.
For example, the low bulk density of volcanic ash soil is generally explained by the presence of short-range order minerals and high organic matter content, whereas Miehlich (1991) suggested that this property could be due to isovolumetric weathering.
Their unique properties attributed to short-range order minerals help make them among the most productive soil in the world (Shoji et al.
In the past, researchers regarded the fluctuations as nearly random variations, with a little short-range order
reflecting the influence of neighboring regions on each other.
Topics include the general chemistry of amphiboles and their structures, classification of amphiboles, new natural and synthetic amphibole compositions, long-range order (including anion incorporation), short-range order
in amphiboles, including short-range disorder, non-ambient in situ studies, the synthesis and stability of some end-member amphiboles, the significance of the reaction path in synthesizing single-phase amphiboles of defined compositions, amphiboles in the igneous environment, composition and co-existence of metamorphic amphiboles, trace-element partitioning between amphibole and silicate melt, environmental and health concerns about amphiboles, including regulatory and legal issues, and amphiboles from an historical perspective.