When a measurement point adjacent to a faccade becomes exposed to direct solar radiation, the radiation load increases significantly due to the additional lateral components, in some extent due to the reflected shortwave radiation
(from the building wall), but in a great extent due to the emitted longwave radiation of the heated facade.
Caption: FIGURE 6: Simulated diurnal variations in surface energy balance components (namely, shortwave radiation
, long radiation, net radiation, sensible heat flux, latent heat flux, and surface heat flux) during a 20-day drying period following a rainfall event.
Caption: FIGURE 2 Led by the destructive mechanisms of moisture, heat, shortwave radiation
and oxidizing agents these functions can trigger events between the indoor environment and materials of construction.
Leaves at the top of a canopy receive more shortwave radiation
than leaves inside the canopy because radiation decreases with canopy depth.
The ocean absorbs shortwave radiation
and re-emits longwave radiation (infrared rays).
It calculates incoming shortwave radiation
each day at 12 min intervals from sunrise to sunset and incoming and outgoing longwave radiation from air and land surface temperatures.
Micrometeorological measurements at the site included 2 m air temperature and relative humidity (Vaisala HMP45C), solar irradiance and reflected shortwave radiation
(300-2800 nm), and incoming and emitted longwave radiation (4500-42 000 nm) (Kipp and Zonen CNR4 net radiometer, including an integrated ventilation unit).
Results of the average shortwave radiation
downward the surface of the Earth for the winter period (W [m.sup.-2]): (a) base case; (b) difference between the base case and that including the direct effect; (c) associated Taylor diagram (black star--Simulation SI2, red point--Simulation SI1).
This means that shortwave radiation
generally from solar sources is omitted, which affects the accuracy of the apparatus in determining MRT.
Tinted glass, or tinted coatings, can prevent even more heat transmission by blocking the shortwave radiation
of heat, together with visible light.
These greenhouse gases cloak Earth like a blanket and allow shortwave radiation
from the sun to pass through the atmosphere and warm the planet.
Using this model incoming solar shortwave radiation
at earth's surface has been estimated at two stations for two months.