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in film-making, the placement of a subject in a frame of film and also the scale of representation. The distinction between close-ups, medium shots, and long shots is based on the position of the subject. There are also big, medium, and general shots, depending on scale. Varying shots is a basic technique in the pictorial and sequential composition of scenes and episodes in a film.
a spherical, solid, nonexplosive projectile used in smoothbore artillery and firearms. In the mid-14th century shot was made of stone; iron was used in the 15th century and was subsequently replaced by pig iron (for large-caliber guns) and lead (for small-caliber weapons). Incandescent incendiary shot came into use in the 16th century, and in the 17th century hollow shot filled with explosive powder—grenades—was widely used. Shot became obsolete in the second half of the 19th century when smooth bores were replaced by rifled bores.