sigmoidoscope

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sigmoidoscope

[sig′mȯid·ə‚skōp]
(medicine)
An appliance for the inspection, by artificial light, of the sigmoid colon; it differs from the proctoscope in its greater length and diameter.
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Table 18) Stool examination, sigmoidoscopic findings, faecal fat excretion, serum proteins, d-xylose excretion and jejuna biopsy in cases of malabsorption.
78 Total 81 21 102 Table-10: Sigmoidoscopic Findings in Cases Sigmoidoscopic Male Female Total % Findings Normal 45 16 61 59.
Wisconsin physicians seem to recognize the value of this procedure: more than 68% of those surveyed currently perform flexible sigmoidoscopic examinations, and an additional 11.
Screening flexible sigmoidoscopic examinations provided a low positivity yield in this study, a finding that is likely explained by the exclusion of previously screened patients with a history of polyps and by the significant number of previously screened patients.
This study reviews 866 screening flexible sigmoidoscopic examinations or reexaminations by family physicians as recommended for routine health maintenance in asymptomatic patients over a 3-year period.
These screening examinations were routine, baseline, or rescreening sigmoidoscopic examinations as recommended by the American Cancer Society.
These include occult blood testing and sigmoidoscopic examinations beginning at 50 years of age.
In 1980, the American Cancer Society (ACS) advocated annual fecal occult blood testing for men and women over the age of 50 years and a sigmoidoscopic screening at age 50 years and every 3 to 5 years after two initial examinations (performed 1 year apart) in which no disease is found.
The investigators were aware that in 1980 the ACS recommended that colon cancer screening using fecal occult blood tests and sigmoidoscopic examinations should begin at 50 years of age.
How should these issues affect the family physician in a middle class or affluent area as he or she decides upon indications for endometrial biopsy, whether to perform sigmoidoscopic examinations on all patients, whether to buy a colposcope or an interest in a laser cautery device?