sigmoidoscope

(redirected from sigmoidoscopy)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to sigmoidoscopy: endoscopy

sigmoidoscope

[sig′mȯid·ə‚skōp]
(medicine)
An appliance for the inspection, by artificial light, of the sigmoid colon; it differs from the proctoscope in its greater length and diameter.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
This means that a single flexible sigmoidoscopy screen continues to provide long-lasting protection for colorectal cancer.
One of the main contraindications to sigmoidoscopy is evidence or suspicion of bowel gangrene, bowel perforation, or peritonitis, which may clinically manifest as melanotic stool during anamnesis or rectal examination, guarding/rigidity, or rebound tenderness.1,3,13 Sigmoid gangrene develops in 6.1-30.2% of all SV cases and in 10.7-93.4% of surgically treated SV cases.
* Randomised trials have shown a reduction in mortality from colorectal cancer using faecal occult blood testing and flexible sigmoidoscopy screening programmes.
Of the 154,900 study participants, 77,445 were assigned to the flexible sigmoidoscopy group and 77,455 to the usual-care group.
Colonoscopy is considered superior by some experts because precancerous lesions in the upper colon cannot be detected and removed by sigmoidoscopy (Loeve et al.
The trial concluded: "Flexible sigmoidoscopy screening - with removal of small polyps during the exam - is safe and, when offered once between ages 55 and 64 confers a substantial and long-lasting benefit."
On the basis of 2006 MCS data, the percentage of Maryland residents who reported being up to date with colonoscopy or FOBT plus sigmoidoscopy has already exceeded the 2008 target of 57%.
* Flexible Sigmoidoscopy. Flexible sigmoidoscopy is commonly used when individuals complain of bright red bleeding from the rectum such as from hemorrhoids.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that show that the typical cost of a screening procedure is about $10 to $25 for a fecal occult blood test, $150 to $300 for a flexible sigmoidoscopy, $250 to $500 for a double-contrast barium enema, and $800 to $1,600 for a colonoscopy.
Four key tests are used to detect the cancer--fecal occult blood test (FOBT), flexible sigmoidoscopy, double-contrast barium enema (DCBE), and colonoscopy.
3) What is the impact on incidence and mortality of both the increased dissemination of currently established screening modalities (e.g., iFOBT, sigmoidoscopy) and the potential dissemination of new or more novel modalities (e.g., screening colonoscopy, advanced imaging modalities, iFOBT, fecal mutagen tests, other innovative biomarkers)?
Immersion Medical's system addresses three types of endoscopic procedures: flexible bronchoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy.