silicosis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

silicosis

(sĭlĭkō`sĭs), occupational disease of the lungs caused by inhalation of free silica (quartz) dust over a prolonged period of time. Free silica is dispersed in the air and inhaled by workers engaged in the mining of lead, hard coal, and gold, in cutting sandstone and granite, in sandblasting, and in the manufacture of silica abrasives. The irritative action of the silica in the lung results in the formation of nodular lesions; these may coalesce and form massive areas of fibrous tissue. In advanced cases patients experience difficult breathing, coughing with sputum, chest pain, and a tendency to develop tuberculosis or repeated attacks of pneumonia. Once fibrosis has developed there is no cure, and treatment is directed at the management of symptoms. Preventive measures adopted in industries where the hazard of silicosis exists have greatly reduced its incidence.

Silicosis

 

an occupational disease caused by the prolonged inhalation of dust containing free silicon dioxide. Silicosis is observed among workers in mining, metallurgical, and machine-building industries. It also affects workers producing porcelain and glazed pottery. Silicosis is the most destructive form of pneumoconiosis. More frequently than other diseases of this group, silicosis is accompanied by a tubercular process (silico-tuberculosis) and other complications. [23–1078–]

silicosis

[‚sil·ə′kō·səs]
(medicine)
Pneumoconiosis due to the inhalation of silica (SiO2) particles.

silicosis

Pathol a form of pneumoconiosis caused by breathing in tiny particles of silica, quartz, or slate, and characterized by shortness of breath and fibrotic changes in the tissues of the lungs
References in periodicals archive ?
The report defines silica and silicosis, and provides statistics for mortality rates and cancer links.
Most workers who develop silicosis from workplace exposure cannot sue their employers (they are restricted to filing workers' compensation claims), but many are turning to the tort system to hold third-party suppliers of sand liable for injuries.
The high-ups of all the hospitals were directed to refer labourers suffering from silicosis to Fatima Jinnah Hospital so that they could get proper treatment.
To investigate silicosis deaths among young adults, ICD-10 codes for underlying and contributing causes of death from the 1999-2015 National Center for Health Statistics' multiple cause-of-death mortality data were analyzed to provide detailed information on the circumstances surrounding pneumoconiosis deaths among young adults caused by dust containing silica.
The only scientific literature we could find on aluminum dust is that aluminum dust never protected against silicosis," Mrochek said.
According to this proposed law, mandatory health screening of the industrial workers of stone crushers, ceramics industry and marble grinding industry along with nomination of certified surgeons to treat the workers suffering from silicosis and another plan meant for capacity-building of labour inspectors at district level through an ADP Scheme came under discussion.
Additional Chief Secretary directed the Information and Culture Department to launch awareness plan for safety from silicosis and said that periodical media campaign would be launched in the days to come so that industrial workers would not unnecessarily exposed to silicon dust causing silicosis.
Cases of silicosis maybe classified as simple or complicated according to the radiographic findings.
OSHA noted that many cases of silicosis continue to go undiagnosed and unreported.
Silicosis is a respiratory disease caused by breathing in the crystalline silica dust that is released during mining operations.
Silicosis is caused by inhaling silica dust from gold-bearing rocks.
Since silicosis affects lung function, it makes one more susceptible to lung infections like tuberculosis.